Unequal distribution of water in Thimphu municipality: RAA
For the residents in Thimphu municipality, there is unequal distribution of water and water shortages at ground in certain areas. This was the findings made by the Royal Audit Authority of Bhutan.
Thimphu municipality caters drinking water to an estimated population of 107,165 under its jurisdiction. Drinking water for Thimphu Municipality is supplied from four water treatment plants and two boreholes, which have total operating capacity of 21,100 m3 per day.
Last year, the water production of Thimphu municipality was 20,036.21 m3 per day as against the required per capita water demand of 19,289.7 m3 per day. Thus, drinking water production was adequate considering the population.
However, the Royal Audit Authority of Bhutan found out that though there is enough production of drinking water to meet the demand of the population of Thimphu municipality. However, on the other hand, it was noted that a proportion of the population still do not get adequate drinking water despite sufficient production of water.
So based on the recommendation, an official from Thimphu municipality said that Thimphu Thromde has already initiated the construction of adequate number of service tanks.
An official said that Notice Inviting Tender (NIT) has been floated for construction of a 230 m3 capacity tank at Zilukha.
Besides that, process for construction of 230 m3tank at Changedaphu and 100 m3tank at Changzamtog has already been initiated.
An official said that the undergoing works of construction of tanks will be completed by June next year.
Two tanks have been recently constructed for Changzamtog and Changedaphu located at Karisha above old RICB colony and at Changedaphu.
For Kawajangsa area, official said that it’s already supplied from tank located at Kuengacholing and additionally, there is already an existing 50 m3tank for Kawajangsa which is fed from Dzong tank by pumping.
A new 230 m3 tank has been constructed at Langjuphaka under the World Bank funding. Further enhancement of the storage capacity by another 230 m3 for the whole Langjuphaka area is included in the scope of the ongoing central water supply project.
The official also added that another 100 m3 tank is being constructed which will be located at Sunday market to enhance the service tank storage capacity.
For Changjiji area, another 230 m3 service tank is being constructed at to increase the existing storage capacity.
Thimphu municipality is also in the process of implementing the work of providing extended new distribution pipelines in Changzamtog, Yangchenphu, Zilukha, in the core city areas of Changlam, Norzinlam including old pipe replacement works covering the areas of Changzamtog, Changangkha and Kawajangsa.
Meanwhile, the jurisdiction of Thimphu municipality is divided into eight zones for water supply. On comparison of the requirement of water with actual consumption for three months by zone in order to analyze equitable distribution of drinking water, the RAA found out that some areas received drinking water to the extent of 94.09 percent while some areas received only 27.65 percent against the requirement.
Water consumption as per water billing system for the month of January, April and June last year, RAA found out that the residence of upper and lower Motithang received 94.09 percent of water supply while, Yangchenphu High School and Lungtenzampa, Kawangjansa and Zhilukha, Hejo, Dzong and High Court area and Langjophakha area received the lowest with 27.65 percent for the same period.
Meanwhile, the audit covered the period from 2010 to 2016 to find out whether the residence of Thimphu municipality were provided with equitable and sufficient drinking water, and whether the drinking water provided is safe for human consumption.
The Royal Audit Authority conducted the “Performance Audit on Provision of Drinking water in Thimphu municipality “as mandated by the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan and Audit Act of Bhutan 2006.”