The in­crease in lit­er­acy rate, finds BLSS re­port

Bhutan Times - - Home - Lhakpa Tsh­er­ing

The re­cent Bhutan Liv­ing Stan­dards Sur­vey (BLSS) re­port in­di­cated that the over­all lit­er­acy rate in the coun­try has in­creased from 63 per­cent in 2012 to 66 per­cent 2017.

The rate of in­crease in lit­er­acy is higher in ur­ban ar­eas with 81.7 per­cent com­pared to 58.3 per­cent in ru­ral ar­eas.

The sur­vey also found that about 73 per­cent of the male pop­u­la­tions are lit­er­ate as com­pared to 59 per­cent of the fe­males. The re­port states that there is a marked dif­fer­ence in lit­er­acy rate be­tween the male and fe­male pop­u­la­tion both in ur­ban and ru­ral ar­eas.

The re­port pointed out that the gen­eral lit­er­acy rate ranges from 46 per­cent in Wang­due Pho­drang to 85 per­cent in Bumthang. Gele­phu Thromde stands high­est in the gen­eral lit­er­acy rate among the four Thromdes.

The re­port re­veals that Bumthang has the high­est adult lit­er­acy rate with 81.6 per­cent fol­lowed by Thim­phu with 76.8 per­cent. The find­ings in the re­port in­di­cated that about less than half of the adult pop­u­la­tion are lit­er­ate in Trashigang with 48.9 per­cent, Trashi Yangtse, 48.8 per­cent, and 42.4 per­cent in Wang­due Pho­drang.

Be­sides, Gele­phu Thromde stands in the high­est adult lit­er­acy rate of 82.5 per­cent, while Sam­drup Jongkhar Thromde has the low­est with 75.5 per­cent.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­port, about 60 per­cent of the adult pop­u­la­tion aged 15 and above are lit­er­ate. The lit­er­acy rate for male adult is 69 per­cent while it is only 51 per­cent for fe­male adults. It is also pointed out that the lit­er­acy rate in ur­ban ar­eas is at 78 per­cent, whereas only 51 per­cent are lit­er­ate in ru­ral ar­eas. The re­port states, “There is a large dif­fer­ence in lit­er­acy rate be­tween the ur­ban and ru­ral adults.”

The re­port found the lit­er­acy rate in be­tween the age group of 15 to 24 years is es­ti­mated at 93 per­cent. It was found that the youth in ur­ban ar­eas are more likely to be lit­er­ate than the youth in ru­ral ar­eas. The lit­er­acy rate for ur­ban youth is 97 per­cent, while it is 91 per­cent for the youth in ru­ral ar­eas. It states, “There is a slight dif­fer­ence in lit­er­acy rates among male and fe­male youths.”

The find­ings also states that the lit­er­acy rate in be­tween the age group of 10 to 19 years has the high­est with 97 per­cent as the lit­er­acy rate de­clines with the rise in age. It was found drop to 20 per­cent for the pop­u­la­tion aged 65 years and above. A sim­i­lar pat­tern is ob­served in both ur­ban and ru­ral ar­eas. The lit­er­acy rate for pop­u­la­tion aged 65 years and over is 31 per­cent in ur­ban ar­eas and 6 per­cent in ru­ral ar­eas.

BLSS found about 34 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion aged six years and above are lit­er­ate with eight per­cent in ei­ther Dzongkha or Lot­sham, about 56 per­cent in ei­ther Dzongkha, Lot­sham or in English. The pro­por­tion of lit­er­ate per­son is higher in ru­ral ar­eas with 41.7 per­cent than in ur­ban ar­eas with 18.3 per­cent.

The ten-yearly head­count is a source of bench­mark data on de­mo­graphic, so­cial, eco­nomic and hous­ing char­ac­ter­is­tics. Na­tional Statis­tics Bureau con­ducted the cen­sus across the coun­try, re­gard­less of age and na­tion­al­i­ties in May 2017.

Be­sides, it also col­lected in­for­ma­tion on the age and sex of the pop­u­la­tion in the coun­try. It also pro­vides the pop­u­la­tion of towns, vil­lages, lan­guage spo­ken and lots more.

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