The increase in literacy rate, finds BLSS report
The recent Bhutan Living Standards Survey (BLSS) report indicated that the overall literacy rate in the country has increased from 63 percent in 2012 to 66 percent 2017.
The rate of increase in literacy is higher in urban areas with 81.7 percent compared to 58.3 percent in rural areas.
The survey also found that about 73 percent of the male populations are literate as compared to 59 percent of the females. The report states that there is a marked difference in literacy rate between the male and female population both in urban and rural areas.
The report pointed out that the general literacy rate ranges from 46 percent in Wangdue Phodrang to 85 percent in Bumthang. Gelephu Thromde stands highest in the general literacy rate among the four Thromdes.
The report reveals that Bumthang has the highest adult literacy rate with 81.6 percent followed by Thimphu with 76.8 percent. The findings in the report indicated that about less than half of the adult population are literate in Trashigang with 48.9 percent, Trashi Yangtse, 48.8 percent, and 42.4 percent in Wangdue Phodrang.
Besides, Gelephu Thromde stands in the highest adult literacy rate of 82.5 percent, while Samdrup Jongkhar Thromde has the lowest with 75.5 percent.
According to the report, about 60 percent of the adult population aged 15 and above are literate. The literacy rate for male adult is 69 percent while it is only 51 percent for female adults. It is also pointed out that the literacy rate in urban areas is at 78 percent, whereas only 51 percent are literate in rural areas. The report states, “There is a large difference in literacy rate between the urban and rural adults.”
The report found the literacy rate in between the age group of 15 to 24 years is estimated at 93 percent. It was found that the youth in urban areas are more likely to be literate than the youth in rural areas. The literacy rate for urban youth is 97 percent, while it is 91 percent for the youth in rural areas. It states, “There is a slight difference in literacy rates among male and female youths.”
The findings also states that the literacy rate in between the age group of 10 to 19 years has the highest with 97 percent as the literacy rate declines with the rise in age. It was found drop to 20 percent for the population aged 65 years and above. A similar pattern is observed in both urban and rural areas. The literacy rate for population aged 65 years and over is 31 percent in urban areas and 6 percent in rural areas.
BLSS found about 34 percent of the population aged six years and above are literate with eight percent in either Dzongkha or Lotsham, about 56 percent in either Dzongkha, Lotsham or in English. The proportion of literate person is higher in rural areas with 41.7 percent than in urban areas with 18.3 percent.
The ten-yearly headcount is a source of benchmark data on demographic, social, economic and housing characteristics. National Statistics Bureau conducted the census across the country, regardless of age and nationalities in May 2017.
Besides, it also collected information on the age and sex of the population in the country. It also provides the population of towns, villages, language spoken and lots more.