Bhutan’s prioritize to climate change project in 12th FYP
To assist Bhutan in accessing Green Climate Fund (GCF) and strengthening cooperation between Bhutan and GCF, three days of first ever national structured dialogue between Gross National Happiness Commission (GNHC) and other relevant stakeholders with GCF ended last Friday in the capital.
The GNHC, in its capacity as the National Designated Authority (NDA) hosted the dialogue.
During the dialogue, the pipeline projects to addressing resilience climate change and conserving environment were presented which are 12th Five Year Plan’s (FYP) specified national key result areas (NKRAs).
A delegation led by the Director, mitigation and adaptation, GCF Dr. German (Jerry) Velasquez was in Bhutan to provide further support in developing the country programming; strengthen dialogue and coordination; and opportunity for Bhutan to make a comprehensive presentation on the pipeline and potential projects.
GNHC Director, Rinchen Wangdi said that the first ever dialogue will guide us in preparing for country program and will served as platform in providing clarification and guidance for pipeline projects.
Alignment with the 12th Five Year Plan, an official from GNHC presented that, “A preliminary assessment of the 12th draft plan reveals that a very high integration of goals and target of 16 NKRAs in a very high aligned with 16 Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs), in similar manner alignment is also done in local levels as well as central agencies. “This is not by chance rather it is a consorted effort that Royal Government has under- taken in the formulation of 12th FYP to make sure that the SDG is also achieved.” “In the 11th FYP, Bhutan prioritizes 3 SDGs related to climate elements.”
And similarly, the mapping of 134 AKRAs and its key performance indicators (KPIs) of the 11th plan against the 169 SDG targets and 244 indicators shows that 98 targets and 116 KPIs were aligned.
An official also presented the climate actions for the 12th plan which includes the NKRA 6 that focus on maintaining carbon neutral status, forest sink management, climate and disaster resilient development, geo-hazard risk assessed & reduced, ensuring disaster preparedness plans are in place and managing and protecting the protected areas among others.
Where as in NKRA 8: water, food and nutrition security will look at increasing food production in view of impact of climate change ensuring smart and sustainable agriculture in place, sustainable land management, assuring water security in terms of irrigation as well as drinking water for the country.
NKRA 9: infrastructure, communication and public service delivery, an official said that they are looking to climate proof infrastructure – roads, social infra (schools, hospitals), greening of buildings and ensuring energy efficiency and also enhanced climate information and awareness is generated to entire nation.
And NKRA 15: they are looking at managing of waste, sustainable urban transport and excess to reliable water which is one of the flagship program and the renewable energy.
Meanwhile, 12th Plan is the last plan as a least developed country (LDC) and it is Bhutan’s transition plan and graduation also means loss of international support meas- ures including development aid. Support and partnership from climate finance windows like GCF is important.
Meanwhile, the GCF established in December, 2010 and is the main global financial mechanism to finance green initiatives promoting low emission and climate resilient development. The GCF has it’s headquarter in South Korea.
Today, GCF has approved three projects in Bhutan amounting to US$30M which includes Bhutan for Life (BFL) worth US$26.6M, readiness proposal on ‘strategic framework to strengthen the capacity of NDA to access resources from the GCF and support for direct access accreditation process’ worth US$0.4M; and readiness proposal on ‘preparation of National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for Bhutan with a focus on implementation of comprehensive risk management in the water sector’ worth US$3.00M.
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is a global fund created in order to support the conservation efforts of developing countries to respond to climate change