Below are some changes you could make to your lifestyle to reduce high blood pressure. Some of these will lower your blood pressure in a matter of weeks, others may take longer. Cut your salt intake to less than 6g (0.2oz) a day. Find out how you can reduce the amount of salt in your diet. Eat a healthy, low-fat, balanced diet, including plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables. Get tips on eating more healthily. Be active: being physically active is one of the most important things you can do to prevent or control high blood pressure. Get tips on being more active. Cut down on alcohol. Get tips on cutting down, download a drinks diary and keep track of your drinking. Lose weight. Find out what your ideal weight is using the BMI healthy weight calculator. Stop smoking. Smoking greatly increases your chances of getting heart and lung diseases. Get help quitting. Drink less coffee, tea or other caffeine-rich drinks such as cola. Drinking more than four cups of coffee a day may increase your blood pressure. You can take these steps today, regardless of whether or not you’re taking blood pressure medication. You don’t need a doctor to prescribe lifestyle changes. The more healthy habits you adopt, the greater effect there is likely to be on your blood pressure. In fact, some people find that, by sticking to a healthy lifestyle, they do not need to take any medicines at all. Find out more about preventing high blood pressure.