The Indicator: 63 percent
THAT’S HOW MUCH OF CANADA’S ELECTRICITY COMES
from hydro power, putting us near the top of the hydro league table worldwide. Canada is also one of the world’s oldest producers of hydroelectricity, producing power across three centuries ever since the Niagara River first powered an electric railway in 1893.
Largely due to hydro power, EY ranks Canada ninth on its Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index. Yet, in the heated debate over low- versus high-carbon energy sources, hydro—clean power’s unsung champion—often slips under the radar among renewables boosters.
Canada is also the world’s ninth largest wind producer. The country’s first commercial wind farm was built in Alberta in 1993. Still, wind provides just 4 percent of Canada’s power supply, with the top wind generators being Enbridge and TransCanada.
The Niagara River provides the driving force that generates nearly two gigawatts of electricity from power plants on the Canadian side of the border