KEY FIGURES IN THE SIOUX CRISIS
David Mills ignored protocol. As Canada’s interior minister, he went directly to Washington to resolve the Sioux refugee problem.
Red Cloud and his successful war against U.S. encroachment on tribal land led to the Laramie treaty, which was later broken.
Ulysses S. Grant was the American president who illegally declared war on the Sioux after they refused to give up the Black Hills.
George A. Custer was a Civil War veteran whose death at Little Bighorn shocked Americans and led to calls for revenge.
Gall was a war chief who, along with Crazy Horse, spearheaded the successful counterattack against Custer’s 7th Cavalry.
Jean-Louis Légaré spent a lot to help both sides during the Sioux crisis. His descendants say he was never fully compensated.
James Macleod was the NWMP’s commissioner. His diplomacy helped to smooth relations with Indigenous people.
Alfred F. Terry headed the commission formed to convince Sitting Bull and his people to return to the U.S. He was not successful.