FIRE AND BRIMSTONE
Volcanic eruptions have long wreaked havoc on the earth. Major eruptions in Peru in 1600, Iceland in 1783, and Indonesia in 1815 collectively killed millions of people worldwide due to poisonous gases and crop failures. Today, hundreds of volcanoes pose a
Underneath the bubbling sulphuric hot springs and erupting geysers of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, lies a giant caldera with the potential to form a super volcano. Such an eruption would devastate the entire planet. However, the likelihood of this happening anytime soon is extremely small.
This Italian volcano near Naples erupts about every two decades but has been quiet since 1944. Some fear that means a major buildup for the next eruption. It’s most famous for burying the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii in AD 79. Plans to quickly evacuate up to 700,000 people are in place today.
About nine million people live within the blast radius of this volcano located about fifty kilometres from Mexico City. Popocatpétl means “smoking mountain.” Its large, glacier-covered peak last erupted in 2000. Preventative evacuations of 41,000 people in nearby towns prevented a major catastrophe.
Thousands of small explosions come from Sakurajima’s peak every year, throwing ash onto the 700,000 residents of nearby Kagoshima, Japan. Fortunately, the city has special volcano shelters for people to go to when this happens. It’s called the “Vesuvius of the east” for the frequency of its eruptions.