During the First World War, the 224th Canadian Forestry Corps cut and prepared timber in England and Scotland to help with the war effort. Formed in the fall of 1916, the corps also helped to clear land for aerodromes and runways, manufactured rail ties, and removed trees for new road construction. By the end of the war, more than thirty-five thousand men had served in the corps, including a significant number of Indigenous Canadians. The corps was disbanded in 1920 but was reformed in May 1940. Known affectionately as the “Sawdust Fusiliers,” the corps operated for the duration of the Second World War.