We’ve all heard of it; chances are you or some­one you know may be af­fected by it; but how much do you re­ally know about this chronic and de­bil­i­tat­ing dis­ease?

Canadian Living - - ADVERTORIAL -

When peo­ple think of di­a­betes, the gen­eral as­sump­tion is that it’s hered­i­tary, and there­fore in­evitable, or ®Ó÷® Âÿɚ÷ Ü ÂÓÓÜ®÷÷ ÿ¿ ÿ äüóė Ģ®¡ÿ÷ ÿ¿® ®Ó§®óóė äó ÿ¿® obese. But noth­ing could be fur­ther from the truth. q¿® ¸ ¡ÿ ä¸ ÿ¿® Ú ÿÿ®ó Â÷ ÿ¿ ÿ Üėäü® ¡ Ü ® Ģ®¡ÿ®§ by di­a­betes. Di­a­betes is a na­tional health epi­demic. It’s es­ti­mated that 11 mil­lion Cana­di­ans are liv­ing with di­a­betes or pre-di­a­betes, with that num­ber climb­ing steadily as new cases are di­ag­nosed daily. Di­a­betes is a se­ri­ous dis­ease that too of­ten is taken too lightly. If left un­treated or not prop­erly con­trolled, di­a­betes can have se­vere and even some­times fa­tal con­se­quences. What is Di­a­betes? Di­a­betes is a dis­ease in which the glu­cose (sugar) lev­els in the blood are too high. When you eat, your body con­verts the food into sugar, or glu­cose, which it uses as an en­ergy source. In­sulin, a hor­mone that is pro­duced by the pan­creas, helps to move the glu­cose to the body’s cells so it can be used as fuel and helps to con­trol the amount of glu­cose in the blood. Di­a­betes oc­curs when the body can’t produce in­sulin, or it can’t prop­erly use the in­sulin it does produce, lead­ing to a build-up of sugar lev­els in the blood. If left un­treated these high blood sugar lev­els can cause dam­age to or­gans, blood ves­sels and nerves. Types of Di­a­betes There are many kinds of di­a­betes, and while Type 1 and Type 2 are the most com­mon, there is also ges­ta­tional (preg­nancy) di­a­betes, as well as a con­di­tion called pre­di­a­betes, among oth­ers.

Type 1 di­a­betes, some­times called “ju­ve­nile” di­a­betes be­cause it’s fre­quently di­ag­nosed in chil­dren or teenagers, although it can hap­pen at any age, is the most se­vere, in­sulin-in­jec­tion de­pen­dent form of the dis­ease. In Type 2 di­a­betes, also known as “adult on­set” di­a­betes be­cause it usu­ally oc­curs in adult­hood, although it’s be­com­ing more com­mon in younger chil­dren and teens, fac­tors such as age, diet, and life­style can play a ma­jor role in de­ter­min­ing whether or not a per­son is at risk of de­vel­op­ing it. Pre-di­a­betes on the other hand is a wake-up call; it’s when the blood sugar lev­els are higher than nor­mal but not yet high enough to be di­ag­nosed as di­a­betes and ges­ta­tional di­a­betes hap­pens dur­ing preg­nancy when the pan­creas is not able to produce enough in­sulin to bal­ance the ®Ģ®¡ÿ ä¸ ¿äóúäü®÷ ®Âܺ ïó䧹¡®§ ÂÜ ÿ¿® ïó ¡®üÿ

Eat a Healthy Bal­anced Diet:

Nu­tri­tious meals and snacks are im­por­tant. Eat plenty of fruits, veg­eta­bles and fi­bre; and limit your in­take of sugar, fat, salt, sugar and al­co­hol. Eat Reg­u­larly:

Eat­ing healthy is cru­cial when it comes to help­ing man­age di­a­betes and en­sur­ing blood sugar lev­els are con­trolled. You should eat three meals per day at reg­u­lar times and space meals no more than six hours apart. Main­tain a Healthy Weight:

Many peo­ple (be­tween 80% and 90%) who are di­ag­nosed with Type 2 di­a­betes are over­weight or obese. Stud­ies have shown that los­ing even a lit­tle weight— be­tween 5% and 10% of your ini­tial body weight—can im­prove di­a­betes con­trol and re­duce the risk of heart dis­ease. Get Phys­i­cal: In­cor­po­rate a min­i­mum of 2 ½ hours of aer­o­bic ex­er­cise each week, such as walk­ing, bik­ing, jog­ging or swim­ming, to help build en­durance, strength and flex­i­bil­ity. Keep Your Choles­terol in Check: Get your blood tested and keep your choles­terol and other blood fats within your tar­get ranges. Re­duce Stress:

If you start feel­ing anx­ious or over­whelmed, try us­ing some sim­ple and ef­fec­tive stress man­age­ment tech­niques, such as tak­ing 10 deep calm­ing breaths, lis­ten­ing to your favourite mu­sic, or re­lax­ing in a warm bath. By re­fo­cus­ing your mind and en­er­gies on more pleas­ant past-times, you can help re­duce the stress that can some­times come with man­ag­ing your con­di­tion.

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