In the Wild

Meet a few of Canada’s provin­cial trees and the species that call them home

Canadian Wildlife - - DISPATCHES -

WESTERN RED CEDAR (Bri­tish Columbia)

You’ll find the western red cedar (Thuja pli­cata) along Bri­tish Columbia’s coast and on the west side of the Rock­ies. Th­ese aro­matic trees are home to cav­ity-nesting birds such as hairy wood­peck­ers, tree swal­lows and chest­nut-backed chick­adees. In win­ter, some of th­ese birds mi­grate to new trees in more temperate climes.

WHITE SPRUCE (Man­i­toba)

The white spruce (Picea glauca) may be Man­i­toba’s provin­cial tree, but it grows in forests across the coun­try. Por­cu­pines spend win­ter feed­ing off woody plants — in­clud­ing the bark of young white spruce trees. When white spruce are not nour­ish­ing por­cu­pines and pro­vid­ing win­ter shel­ter for other an­i­mals, they are some­times found decked with or­na­ments: they are also a com­mon Christ­mas tree species.

BAL­SAM FIR (New Brunswick)

The bal­sam fir (Abies bal­samea) can be found in Cen­tral and Eastern Canada. The nee­dles of the bal­sam fir are an im­por­tant win­ter food for moose. But some­times the quadrupeds get too hun­gry — they have been linked to an 11 per cent loss of for­est in Cape Bre­ton High­lands Na­tional Park, which has led to calls to re­duce the num­ber of moose in the park. Bal­sam firs are another pop­u­lar Christ­mas tree species.

Tree Swal­low

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