In the Wild
Meet a few of Canada’s provincial trees and the species that call them home
WESTERN RED CEDAR (British Columbia)
You’ll find the western red cedar (Thuja plicata) along British Columbia’s coast and on the west side of the Rockies. These aromatic trees are home to cavity-nesting birds such as hairy woodpeckers, tree swallows and chestnut-backed chickadees. In winter, some of these birds migrate to new trees in more temperate climes.
WHITE SPRUCE (Manitoba)
The white spruce (Picea glauca) may be Manitoba’s provincial tree, but it grows in forests across the country. Porcupines spend winter feeding off woody plants — including the bark of young white spruce trees. When white spruce are not nourishing porcupines and providing winter shelter for other animals, they are sometimes found decked with ornaments: they are also a common Christmas tree species.
BALSAM FIR (New Brunswick)
The balsam fir (Abies balsamea) can be found in Central and Eastern Canada. The needles of the balsam fir are an important winter food for moose. But sometimes the quadrupeds get too hungry — they have been linked to an 11 per cent loss of forest in Cape Breton Highlands National Park, which has led to calls to reduce the number of moose in the park. Balsam firs are another popular Christmas tree species.