South­ern Arc­tic

Canadian Wildlife - - CANADA’S ARCTIC -

Av­er­age tem­per­a­tures: from 4 C to 6 C in sum­mer and -28 C to -17.5 C in win­ter Land­scape: rolling up­lands and low­lands with some ex­posed bedrock; a tran­si­tion area between the treed taiga to the south and the tree­less tun­dra to the north Wildlife: griz­zly, black and po­lar bear, wolf, moose, Arc­tic ground squir­rel and brown lem­ming; in­cludes the ma­jor sum­mer range and calv­ing grounds for Canada’s largest cari­bou herds: the bar­ren ground cari­bou in the west and the wood­land cari­bou in the east; birds here in­clude the yel­low-billed, Arc­tic and red-throated loons, old­squaw duck, snowy owl and snow bunting; a ma­jor breed­ing and nest­ing ground for mi­gra­tory birds Pop­u­la­tion: about 11,000, 80 per cent of whom are Inuit

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