Canada’s Bo­real For­est

Canadian Wildlife - - WILD THINGS -

The bo­real for­est is home to about two-thirds of Canada’s 140,000 species of plants, an­i­mals and mi­cro-or­gan­isms.

Oc­cu­py­ing more than half of Canada’s land area, it in­cludes more than 1.5 mil­lion lakes and many of the most im­por­tant rivers.

The bo­real re­gion is home to more than four mil­lion peo­ple in Canada, in­clud­ing the ma­jor­ity of the coun­try’s Indige­nous peo­ples.

Wet­lands — muskegs, peat­lands, bogs, fens and marshes — take up 30 per cent of Canada’s bo­real for­est and lessen the ef­fects of floods and

droughts by stor­ing and mod­er­at­ing the flow of wa­ter be­tween up­land ar­eas and low­land re­gions as well as by re­mov­ing im­pu­ri­ties from the wa­ter that flows through them.

Species at risk in the bo­real re­gion: woodland cari­bou, wood bi­son, pere­grine fal­con, yel­low rail, Canada war­bler, olive-sided fly­catcher, the com­mon nighthawk and the whoop­ing crane.

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