THINGS TO know
On this date in 1900, Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, was born. In 1923, she married Prince Albert, the Duke of York, who became King George VI in 1936. They earned the love and respect of millions of Britons when they refused to leave London during the Nazi Blitz. In the early days of the Second World War, Adolf Hitler described her as the most dangerous woman in Europe for her effect on British morale. Later in life, she became the world’s most favourite granny. Massive celebrations were held in Britain when she turned 100. She died in 2002 at the age of 101.
CALL TO ARMS
On this date in 1914, Canada automatically entered the First World War when Britain declared war on Germany after the Germans invaded Belgium. During the next four years and three months, nearly 61,000 Canadians were killed during the war, and another 172,000 were wounded.
SIGN OF RESPECT
On this date in 1922, Bell Telephone suspended service for one minute during Alexander Graham Bell’s funeral in Baddeck. The inventor of the telephone had died two days earlier at age 75.
On this date in 1586, a plot to kill Queen Elizabeth I was uncovered. Anthony Babington, supporter of Mary, Queen of Scots, planned to kill Elizabeth and her ministers and assume power with the aid of English Roman Catholics and Spanish soldiers. The plot was discovered when letters to Mary were intercepted and one conspirator confessed. Babington and six others were executed for high treason.