Things you should know about in­sulin

Diabetes Care Guide (English) - - RE­TAIL NEWS -

Although pills are of­ten the first choice when med­i­ca­tions are re­quired, in­sulin is quickly gain­ing favour as an ef­fec­tive treat­ment early in the man­age­ment of type 2 di­a­betes, not just type 1. Some­times it is pre­scribed with pills also.

Prior to be­ing di­ag­nosed with type 2 di­a­betes, your pan­creas pro­duced just enough in­sulin to match the rise in your blood glu­cose at each meal, and meet your needs be­tween meals and overnight. Now your body pro­duces in­sulin, but there is not quite enough, or the in­sulin you do have is not work­ing very well.

There are many types of in­sulin avail­able giv­ing one greater flex­i­bil­ity in the tim­ing and num­ber of in­jec­tions needed. One to four or more in­jec­tions may be sug­gested to achieve the tar­get blood glu­cose level. In­sulin is pre­scribed ac­cord­ing to your life­style, tak­ing into con­sid­er­a­tion your eat­ing pat­terns and ac­tiv­ity level. Talk to your di­a­betes care team about what in­sulin plan best suits your needs.

Buy­ing in­sulin

● Be­fore you leave your phar­ma­cist’s counter, check to be sure that your in­sulin is the one pre­scribed for you.

● If you no­tice white par­ti­cles in the in­sulin that do not dis­solve, re­turn it to your phar­ma­cist.

● Use a new car­tridge or vial. Re­mem­ber, al­ways check the ex­pi­ra­tion date to be sure you can fin­ish us­ing it in time. Out of date in­sulin can lose its strength.

Mea­sur­ing in­sulin

● In­sulin is mea­sured in units.

● An in­sulin pen is a con­ve­nient and easy way to take your in­sulin. Just dial up your dose and de­liver it by press­ing a but­ton. If you think an in­sulin pen might work for you, ask your di­a­betes team.

● The most com­mon car­tridge for an in­sulin pen holds 3 mL or 300 units.

In­ject­ing in­sulin

For best re­sults, in­ject in­sulin into the fat layer just un­der your skin. If the in­sulin is in­jected into the mus­cle, it gets ab­sorbed into the blood­stream too fast. The ab­domen is the best site. The up­per arm, outer up­per thigh, and but­tocks are ac­cept­able sites with slower ab­sorp­tion rates.

Stor­ing in­sulin

● Re­frig­er­ate un­opened in­sulin.

● Opened car­tridges can be kept at room tem­per­a­ture for 30 days. Check your ex­piry date on the in­sulin car­tridge be­fore ev­ery use. ● Never let in­sulin freeze or get warmer than room tem­per­a­ture.

If you have ques­tions ask your health care team. They are there to as­sist you.

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