Ivvavik National Park, which was born in 1984, is the first national park
in Canada to be created under an Aboriginal land settlement. It was established to help the Inuvialuit people protect
the land, wildlife and cultural heritage of the area while also retaining their ability to hunt, trap, gather and fish. It’s co-managed by Parks Canada, the North Slope Wildlife Management Advisory Council and the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, which administers the settlement.
In Inuvialuktun, Ivvavik means “a place for giving birth, a nursery.” During the most recent ice age, this region was one of the few in North America that wasn’t covered in glacial ice, making it a natural refuge for woolly mammoths, giant beavers, sabre-toothed tigers and camels. Today, parts of the park are still the calving grounds for the porcupine caribou.