E- Fiv Cy­cle O- TW Cy­cle

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This test sim­u­lates stop and go traf­fic, runs for ap­prox­i­mately 31 min­utes and in­cludes 23 stops over roughly 17 km. The av­er­age ve­hi­cle speed is 34 km/h, with a top speed of 90 km/h. The high­way test is a mix of open high­way and ru­ral road driv­ing. The test is roughly 13 min­utes long, cov­ers about 16 km and doesn't in­clude any stops. Av­er­age ve­hi­cle speed is 78 km/h with a top speed of 97 km/h. This test runs for about 10 min­utes with an av­er­age speed of 78 km/h and a top speed of 129 km/h and is about 13 km long. The ve­hi­cle makes four stops with an ac­cel­er­a­tion rate of 13.6 km/h per sec­ond. With this test, the am­bi­ent tem­per­a­ture of the test cell is set to 35C and the ve­hi­cle's cli­mate con­trol sys­tem is used to lower the cabin tem­per­a­ture. The test runs for about 10 min­utes and cov­ers 5.8 km with five stops. Av­er­age ve­hi­cle speed is 35 km/h with a top speed of 88 km/h.

Bet­ter ac­cu­racy – Nat­u­ral Re­sources Canada states boldly on its web­site, `your fuel con­sump­tion will vary,' which re­mains true, but the es­ti­mates it pro­vides via the five-cy­cle test are now more in line with real-world driv­ing habits. With that said, the data is de­signed for com­par­i­son pur­poses only.

More trans­parency – the change in test­ing meth­ods was largely driven by con­sumer de­mand, which means the five-cy­cle test has helped to keep pres­sure on the man­u­fac­tur­ers to back up their fuel con­sump­tion and emis­sions claims.*

More in­for­ma­tion – the cur­rent En­er­guide la­bel con­tains much more in­for­ma­tion than it did be­fore – ve­hi­cle type, class range and CO2 rat­ings, etc. – which can help new car buy­ers make more in­formed de­ci­sions. Some of the cal­cu­la­tions man­u­fac­tur­ers use to de­ter­mine fuel con­sump­tion rat­ings have been up­dated, so 2017 model year fig­ures may dif­fer slightly from 2016 for the same ve­hi­cle. This doesn't mean the ve­hi­cle is less fuel ef­fi­cient now than it was be­fore, but rather the test­ing meth­ods used to de­ter­mine the rat­ings have changed to bet­ter re­flect ad­vanced tech­nolo­gies such as hy­brid pow­er­trains and tur­bocharged en­gines that are be­com­ing more preva­lent in the Cana­dian new car mar­ket.

Study, which looked at the num­ber of owner-re­ported prob­lems by the orig­i­nal own­ers of ve­hi­cles af­ter own­ing them for three years.

3 Au­to­mo­bile Jour­nal­ists As­so­ci­a­tion of Canada We also high­light which ve­hi­cles won the Best New 2017 awards from the Au­to­mo­bile Jour­nal­ists As­so­ci­a­tion of Canada in their re­spec­tive cat­e­gories (see de­tailed re­port start­ing on page 30). Th­ese AJAC cat­e­gories vary from our seven cat­e­gories in this Buy­ers' Guide, so there may be mul­ti­ple AJAC win­ners in one sec­tion of this mag­a­zine.

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