* BUT WHAT ABOUT VOLKSWAGEN?
Obviously, these changes can't prevent manufacturers from trying to find ways to circumvent regulations as we've seen with the on-going diesel scandal involving Volkswagen. The company admitted to using `defeat' devices on its TDI vehicles that enabled them to pass emissions testing in a lab, but then bypass emissions controls when being driven on the road. Soon after the scandal broke in the U.S. in September 2015, the company pulled its 2.0L and 3.0L Tdi-powered cars from the North American market and class action lawsuits were filed in both Canada and the U.S. Settlements were reached in both countries last year. In Canada alone, the company is prepared to spend $2.1 billion to settle the lawsuits affecting roughly 105,000 2.0L TDI owners. Judges in Ontario and Quebec are expected to begin hearings to approve the settlements in late March. Class actions for 3.0L owners are currently winding their way through the courts. Volkwagen brand sales were down 14.7 percent in Canada in 2016.
1 CBB Score After the make and model, we list the Canadian Black Book 2017 Forecast that predicts what percentage of each vehicle's value it will retain after four years, based on years of historical data for the brand, model, age in the vehicle's life cycle, forecast used car supply, and other factors. This information is key for folks who lease, as a higher resale value should mean lower monthly payments, assuming equal financing rates and conditions.
2 The J.D. badge signifies it was the top-performing model in its category in J.D. Power's 2016 Vehicle Dependability