A LEGEND TO OUR BUYERS' GUIDE LISTINGS
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MARKET CATEGORIES 4
Just like we did last year, we've divided the industry into seven market categories: Small Cars, Family Cars, CUV/SUV/MINIVAN, Pickup Trucks, Performance Cars, Luxury Cars and Luxury SUVS. As was the case last year, we made some judgement calls regarding the placement of several vehicles that could fit in more than one category (i.e., the Buick Verano could fit in both the Small and Luxury Car category – we chose Luxury). We also tried to limit the number of vehicles appearing in multiple categories, but given the range of models available, sometimes we did put a car in more than one category, such as the Dodge Charger
Every category starts with its own Index/table of Contents page that lists the page where each model in that category can be found. For shopping between vehicles in multiple categories, check the complete Vehicle Index that starts on page 192, which alphabetically lists every model in the magazine.
4 Made in Canada badge. We also highlight which vehicles are built in Canada with a Made in Canada badge.
5 2017 price ranges. These are the starting prices for the base to the top trim, before further optional equipment. We haven't included freight and destination prices, or discounts for provincial green vehicle rebates of $2,500 to $8,500, which vary by province and model.
If final prices were not available at press time, we've either included estimated pricing, often from the 2016 version, or noted it not available with an “NA.”
6 Spec box We list each vehicle and its body style variants in our listings, but not each trim level. The Engine lists the number and size of the available engines, in this case of the Honda Civic example shown, the 2.0L l4 represents a 2.0-litre inline four engine. When multiple engines are available and multiple vehicles listed (as with Malibu and Malibu Hybrid), the first few engines correspond to the base vehicle listed first, and then the following vehicle(s) in the same order as the model as listed. Horsepower and torque, along with available transmissions are again listed for these main models. New for this year's guide are two spotlight stats for each category that we think are worthy of highlighting graphically. In the Small Car class, its fuel tank capacity and cargo volume. The figures in these grahics represent where a specific vehicle falls within the class when compared against its peers.
7 Side row fuel buttons For all categories, we show what type of fuel the vehicle uses, in terms of gas (button) or diesel fuel (button). Plus we show what level of electrification, if any. So there's a Hybrid (button) notation for gas-electric hybrids that generate their own electricity through regenerative braking. A Plug-in (button) notation to designate a plug-in hybrid vehicle that uses even less gas by allowing drivers to plug into an external source of electricity; these will revert back to regular gas-powered hybrid mode when the battery charge is used up (in 10 to 80km, depending on model and weather). BEV (button) stands for Battery Electric Vehicles, like the Tesla Model S or Nissan Leaf, which use no gasoline whatsoever, while FCEV (button) denotes the one fuel cell electric vehicle offered in Canada ( just BC), the Hyundai Tucson FCEV.
Side row CAR buttons coupe, Wagon, Hatch, Conv) These are fairly self-explanatory, but we list which body styles are offered for each model, for sedan (four-door), coupe (twodoor), wagon (five-door with extended cargo area), hatchback (less extended five-door) and CONV, denoting a convertible. Side row SUV buttons (SUV, Coupe, Vans, Minivan, Convertible) These body styles vary slightly for our SUV categories, so we use SUV to mean both crossovers and sport-utility vehicles, Coupe to denote two-door models, Vans for more work-oriented vans, Minivan for sliding door people-movers, and Conv for convertible versions available. Side row PICK-UPS buttons (REG CAB, EXT CAB, DOUBLE CAB,EXT BOX, HD) For pickup trucks, we break out what types of body styles are available to them as well, with REG CAB denoting Regular Cab (window directly behind head) models, EXT CAB for extended cab models that offer a little extra space, sometimes with a small extra door or back seats. A DOUBLE CAB denotes a double cab model with four full doors and rear bench seats.
We also specify with an EXT BOX notation if an extended box/bed is available, or if a heavy duty HD version is offered.
8 NRCAN Stats No matter where fuel prices are now, fuel efficiency is often a key buying consideration, because gas prices are very likely to fluctuate greatly over the course of owning any vehicle – and historically, the trend is overwhelmingly upward. For clarity, we list Nrcan's overall combined city and highway figure in litres per 100 km, which reflects 55 per cent city use and 45 per cent highway, using the base model engine paired with the automatic transmission, since that is typically the most common combination sold.
Full NRCAN fuel efficiency figures for every engine, transmission and drivetrain combination are available at oee. nrcan.gc.ca, or directly here: oee.nrcan.
Hybrid expanded listing Speaking of multiple combinations, we have created some expanded listings where we wanted to show multiple versions of a vehicle. This could be because of the many body style or drivetrain options they offer, and often a combination of these factors. When there is a marked increase in fuel efficiency for one version of a vehicle compared to the base model with the automatic transmission, we've generally noted its combined figure in the vehicle's mini-review. CO2 box In recognition of increased environmental awareness and sensitivity, we've also provided the Natural Resources Canada rating on carbon dioxide (CO2), which takes the relatively obscure Co2/km rating for each vehicle and translates it into a greenhouse gas “score,” from worst (1) to best (10). Annual fuel cost box We have also listed Nrcan's annual fuel cost rating, again for that same base model with automatic, which translates the overall fuel consumption rating to a specific and comparable dollar figure on how much you'll spend to fuel it for a year. This figure presumes the vehicle will travel 20,000 km, based on a fuel price of C$1.09 per litre, so your actual costs will likely vary.
But not by as much as before, since Natural Resources Canada finally instituted a more accurate five-cycle testing program two years ago, instead of the two-cycle system the U.S. began using in 2008. Canadian fuel efficiency tests are now much more detailed, and the results more reflective of real-world conditions. See page 36 for a full explanation of what changed, and how the new Energuide label on the windshield of every new vehicle that lists its fuel consumption is more useful now as well.
And for even more detailed information, our guide.ignitionmag.ca site will feature more listings, expanded photo galleries, and searchable text, plus customizable search fields that will allow you to easily find, for example, the small SUV with the most cargo room and the best fuel economy in a certain price range range.