Peace and Friend­ship Treaties, 1725- 1779

Kayak (Canada) - - FEATURE STORY -

Mi’kmaq, Maliseet and Pas­samaquoddy peo­ple — some­times grouped to­gether un­der the name Abe­naki — were the first to live in what we now think of as the Mar­itimes. The Bri­tish, al­ways look­ing for an edge in their on-again, off-again wars with the French, wanted to bring the First Na­tions squarely to their side. Both groups wanted more trade with each other. The Peace and Friend­ship Treaties said the Bri­tish and First Na­tions would not bother each other, and agreed on the rights of First Na­tions peo­ple to hunt and fish and fol­low their spir­i­tual be­liefs. The Treaties did not in­volve giv­ing up land. For the Mi’kmaq in par­tic­u­lar, the Treaties were seen as cre­at­ing new fam­ily re­la­tion­ships with the new­com­ers.

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