Robinson Treaties, 1850
William Benjamin Robinson was a fur trader who understood First Nations languages and ways. The British chose him to lead Treaty talks that would eventually cover nearly all of northwestern Ontario. First Nations people received annuities, along with promises that their way of life would be protected. They kept their rights to hunt and fish throughout the territory, and chose the areas they wanted for their reserves. The British were able to settle the land and use it for mining, lumber and more. The Robinson Treaties became the model for agreements that would follow in other parts of the country.