Dou­glas Treaties, 1850- 1854

Kayak (Canada) - - FEATURE STORY -

The Hud­son’s Bay Com­pany didn’t pay much at­ten­tion to the First Na­tions liv­ing on the south end of Van­cou­ver Is­land when it set up a colony there in 1849. But the HBC gov­er­nor, James Dou­glas, did. He over­saw 14 Treaties that pro­tected First Na­tions vil­lage sites and rights to hunt and fish. Ac­cord­ing to the com­pany, those na­tions gave up own­er­ship of their land when they made the Treaties, but the First Na­tions in­volved saw the agree­ments as peace Treaties that didn’t mean los­ing land.

The Cana­dian gov­ern­ment put many rules to­gether in some­thing called the In­di­anAct in 1876. The lives of First Na­tions peo­ple were now largely con­trolled by the fed­eral gov­ern­ment’s pol­icy. Even though they lived in very dif­fer­ent ter­ri­to­ries and had very dif­fer­ent ways of liv­ing, First Na­tions from all over were lumped to­gether un­der the same poli­cies.

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