Modern Treaties are known as comprehensive land claim agreements. They are agreed upon between a First Nations group, the Canadian government and the government of a province or territory. Twenty-six modern Treaties have been made since 1975, and more than 100 others are being talked about. The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement is the largest such Treaty in Canada’s history. In 1993 the central and eastern part of the Northwest Territories was returned to the Inuit, who became responsible for looking after wildlife, water and the natural environment.
Left: Paul Okalik, premier of the new territory of Nunavut, and his children Shasta and Jordan talk to Prime Minister Jean Chretien (right) in April, 1999.