Type 2 diabetes study shows bene ts of vegetarian diet
CHECK THE CORNERS If it looks like the colour has worn o at the corners or edges, and a di erent-coloured metal is showing through, that’s a dead giveaway that an item is cheap enough to let the kids play dress-up with it. WEIGH THE POSSIBILITIES Cheaper materials used in costume jewellery, such as copper and zinc, weigh more than precious metals. Weight isn’t a great indicator of value. A vegetarian diet will shed twice as many pounds and reduce more muscle fat than a low-calorie diet — a key finding for people with Type 2 diabetes — according to a recent study in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition.
Researchers randomly assigned 74 people with Type 2 diabetes to follow either a vegetarian or a conventional low-calorie diabetic diet for six months. Participants in both groups had their normal daily caloric intake slashed by 500 calories, on average consuming 1,500 to 1,800 calories a day.
After three months, those on the vegetarian diet shed an average of 14 pounds, compared with those on the low-calorie diet who lost seven pounds. During the second half of the study, participants stayed on their diets and did aerobic exercise three times a week for one hour — but there was little weight loss because they gained muscle.
Researchers also looked at the participants’ fat storage tissue using magnetic resonance imaging. Both diets resulted in a similar loss of fat under the skin. But the vegetarian diet more effectively cut the fat that lines muscles and is stored inside muscles.
This is key because in Type 2 diabetes higher amounts of muscle fat is associated with insulin resistance. But once the fat starts dissipating the insulin can work more properly. Reducing muscle fat is also important because it increases with age and inactivity, which can lead to decreased muscular strength and mobility.
“(The vegetarian diet) is really powerful,” said the study’s lead author Dr. Hana Kahleova, director of clinical research at the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine in Washington D.C. LOOK FOR A STAMP Historically, costume jewellery acted as a walking advertisement for itself. If a piece has a trade name, stamp or hallmark visible to the naked eye, there’s a good chance it’s not going to make you a millionaire. That’s changed with today’s brands — many contemporary Ti any’s products prominently display the letter T, for instance. TAKE THE TEMPERATURE Precious gems usually feel very cool to the touch, while glass feels a bit warmer. Plastic heats up in your hand very quickly. DON’T JUDGE THE APPEARANCE
“When you’re a patient with Type 2 diabetes, you don’t want only a diet where you lose weight, but also a diet that will address the cause of the disease.”
Among those on the vegetarian diet, 42 per cent reduced their medications, compared with five per cent on the conventional diet. And three people
(The vegetarian diet) is the only documented diet that can actually reverse diabetes. The study’s lead author Dr. Hana Kahleova
in the vegetarian group reversed their Type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Jan Hux, the chief science officer at Diabetes Canada, wasn’t involved in the study. While she found it interesting, she says it’s not definitive, noting the small sample group.
Although weight loss was significant for the participants in the vegetarian group, she noted they also lost lean muscle mass, which is a concern. However, she said the study’s findings that a vegetarian diet reduces insulin resistance gets at the very root problem of the disease.
Precious jewellery looks precious from all angles, while costume jewellery often has hidden parts that look pretty busted. Look at a stone set in a ring or necklace from the bottom or back. If you can see the gem through the setting, or there’s material with a rough, stippled or stucco texture, or it looks like there’s a bit of foil or a piece of mirror stuck on, it’s probably not very valuable. The ring that was auctioned for more than $1 million boasts a 26-carat diamond. A lot of ine jewellery from the past “doesn’t look normal to us,” but just because something is “hideous” to modern eyes doesn’t mean it isn’t valuable, Parker said. He said a woman once came to him with a blackened tiara in a plastic shopping bag, assuming it was worthless. It turned out this junk-shop ind was a tarnished silver piece that dated from Victorian times. Its weird pink gems were rare conch pearls from the Caribbean. It was worth $44,000.