What haunted houses teach us
Ghost stories are a way to examine our past, trauma
Haunted houses tell us a lot of stories. But those stories are not just about ghosts.
Colin Dickey, the author of Ghostland: An American History in Haunted Places, went around the country visiting haunted houses to see if they “could tell us something about who we are as a country, or as a people, or how we understand the past.”
In an interview for the AP Travel podcast Get Outta Here, Dickey said ghost stories help us “talk about things in the past we might not otherwise have confronted.”
Places with a dark past
Examples of places with a disturbing past that bill themselves as haunted attractions include the Lalaurie Mansion in New Orleans, where slaves were treated with extraordinary brutality, or Philadelphia’s Eastern State Penitentiary, an abandoned prison.
Dickey describes Eastern State as “a broken-down castle with stone crenellated towers” where “it’s easy to imagine” a history of “atrocities and violence.”
“Ghost stories in many ways are a way for us to approach our own history,” Dickey said, “and our own history is complicated.”
Myth of the lonely woman
Dickey also noticed that haunted stories sometimes revolve around women who never married or who were widowed young. Sometimes these women were viewed as having been frozen in time, living out their lives in a decaying house. But he says the facts often tell a different story, suggesting that these individuals may have been viewed as odd or even spooky because their lives as single women didn’t fit cultural norms.
The Winchester Mystery House, a 161-room mansion in San Jose, Calif., is a good example. Sarah Winchester’s father-in-law developed the Winchester rifle, so she and her husband were wealthy heirs. Their only child died in infancy, and Sarah’s husband died soon after. Dickey says stories often paint her as having lived out her life in perpetual grief, haunted by the ghosts of everyone who’d ever been killed by a Winchester rifle, and “building this labyrinth to keep them at bay,” Dickey said. But Dickey says the truth differs from the legend.
“She got on with her life as a widow, but all things considered, a relatively happy widow,” he said. The ghost stories came about, he speculates, because “a woman living alone happily just doesn’t fit in our culture.”
Using ghost stories to engage
Dickey also points out that the haunted house industry has become important as a way to raise money to preserve old buildings. Many historic sites have embraced haunted tours as a fun way to engage visitors who will gladly pay for a ghost tour, but who might not sign up to learn about 19th-century customs or antiques.
Take for example the Merchant’s House Museum on East Fourth Street in Manhattan. The 1830s row house was home to the family of Seabury Tredwell. Five of the eight Tredwell children never married. Seven people died in the house, the last of them Gertrude Tredwell in the 1930s. Regular tours of the Merchant’s House carefully stick to the facts, telling visitors only what is known from census records and other research about who lived in the house and when, or what can be gleaned from physical evidence, like dents left in the floor by furniture routinely laden with heavy plates of food.
But the Merchant’s House also advertises haunted tours, which are especially popular during the Halloween season. For decades, Merchant’s House staff was warned against repeating ghost stories, according to spokeswoman Emily Hill-wright. But in the last 10 or 15 years, the museum has embraced the opportunity to use the tales as “a wonderful way to bring in new audiences. People will come in because they hear that we’re haunted. Once we get them inside, they realize what a special place this is.”
Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia took in its first inmate in 1829, closed in 1971 and reopened as a museum in 1994.
the Winchester Mystery House in San Jose, Calif. has a dizzying number of rooms, 161 in total.
Marcio JOSE SANCHEZ/AP