Metro Canada (Winnipeg) - - METRO LIFE -

• Cock­tails of pow­er­ful med­i­ca­tions have turned HIV into a man­age­able chronic dis­ease for many peo­ple who can af­ford them. Those drugs also re­duce the amount of HIV virus cir­cu­lat­ing in the body, what’s called the “vi­ral load,” of­ten to un­de­tectable lev­els. That, in turn, re­duces their chance of trans­mit­ting HIV to sex­ual part­ners, one rea­son that health of­fi­cials urge early treat­ment.

• There is no vac­cine. Con­doms if used con­sis­tently and cor­rectly are highly ef­fec­tive at pre­vent­ing sex­ual trans­mis­sion. Also, a daily pill some­times is pre­scribed for healthy peo­ple to help pre­vent them from be­com­ing in­fected by part­ners who have the virus, some­thing called “pre-ex­po­sure pro­phy­laxis” or PrEP.

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