Canada, Mex­ico don’t like sun­set

Re­ject au­to­matic ter­mi­na­tion clause for rene­go­ti­ated NAFTA


WASH­ING­TON — The United States is seek­ing to insert a so-called sun­set clause into a new NAFTA, a con­tro­ver­sial pro­posal that would au­to­mat­i­cally ter­mi­nate the agree­ment af­ter five years un­less all three mem­ber coun­tries agree to ex­tend it.

That idea has been qui­etly floated for months by U.S. of­fi­cials who fi­nally made it pub­lic Thurs­day. It prompted swift re­sis­tance. Cana­dian and Mex­i­can of­fi­cials brushed it off al­most as soon as it was pub­licly re­vealed, calling it a bad idea that would cre­ate eco­nomic in­sta­bil­ity and scare busi­nesses away from long-term in­vest­ments.

The pri­or­ity was an­nounced by Don­ald Trump’s com­merce sec­re­tary, Wil­bur Ross.

He con­firmed the U.S. will seek some au­to­mat­icter­mi­na­tion clause to en­sure the agree­ment can be con­stantly re-eval­u­ated and im­proved.

“The five-year thing is a real thing that would force a sys­tem­atic re-ex­am­i­na­tion,” Ross told a fo­rum or­ga­nized by the web­site Politico. “You’d have a fo­rum for try­ing to fix things.”

Ross said U.S. trade czar Robert Lighthizer, who’s lead­ing the NAFTA talks for his coun­try, agrees with him that it’s a good idea.

But Ross con­ceded it’s un­clear the other NAFTA coun­tries will ever ac­cept it.

He re­it­er­ated his goal of reach­ing a deal by the end of the year.

Af­ter­ward, he said, it will be­come harder to nail down a deal in 2018 as Mex­ico and the U.S. have na­tional elec­tions, the U.S. fast-track law is up for re­newal and Canada has pro­vin­cial elec­tions.

If there’s no deal, he said the pres­i­dent is se­ri­ous that he might ter­mi­nate NAFTA.

“It’s a very real thing,” Ross said of the pres­i­dent’s threat. “But it is not the pre­ferred op­tion.”

The idea of an au­to­matic sun­set ap­pears to be a non­starter.

Shortly af­ter Ross left the stage, the U.S. am­bas­sadors of Canada and Mex­ico ap­peared for a panel discussion.

Both strongly re­jected the idea.

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