A LOOK BACK AT LIFE ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
— In 1588, the Spanish Armada was defeated in the English Channel by the British, led by Sir Francis Drake. Although Spain sent other fleets against England in the 1590s, none repeated the threat of the 1588 plan to invade England. — Also in 1858, the government of John A. Macdonald and George-Etienne Cartier resigned when the House of Commons voted against their motion to move the capital of the Province of Canada to Ottawa from York. — In 1873, the first Icelanders to migrate to Canada arrived.Their homes had been destroyed by a volcano. Numbering 285, they arrived in Quebec and headed for the Muskoka area of Ontario. They found it difficult to settle there, however, and moved on to Willow Point on Lake Winnipeg. They named it Gimli — Icelandic for paradise. — In 1890, artist Vincent van Gogh died in Auvers, France, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. — In 1899, the permanent international court of arbitration was established at The Hague, in the Netherlands. — In 1907, Sir Robert Baden-Powell formed the Boy Scout movement. — In 1912, the British Privy Council upheld the provinces’ powers to make marriage laws. — In 1914, the first transcontinental telephone line on the North American continent — between New York and San Francisco — was successfully tested. — In 1940, the German Luftwaffe began its all-out blitz against Britain during the Second World War. — In 1958, U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill creating the American space agency, NASA. — In 1967, an accidental rocket launch aboard the supercarrier USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin resulted in a fire and explosions that killed 134 servicemen. — In 1968, Pope Paul VI announced the Catholic ban on artificial contraception would continue. — In 1971, the Oland family presented the Bluenose II, a replica of the original Bluenose, to the Nova Scotia government as a floating museum. — In 1977, crude oil began flowing through the Alaska Pipeline to storage tanks at Valdez, Alaska. — In 1981, Prince Charles married Lady Diana Spencer in London's St. Paul’s Cathedral. An estimated 750 million people worldwide watched the televised ceremony. — In 1984, Ottawa chef-caterer Linda Thom won Canada's first Summer Olympics gold medal in 16 years.Thom claimed the women's sport pistol title on the first day of competition in Los Angeles. — In 1992, Erich Honecker, the former communist leader of East Germany, returned to Berlin from Moscow and was immediately charged with manslaughter in the deaths of people shot by border guards while trying to flee East Germany. — In 2003, the Canadian Football League terminated Sherwood Schwarz's ownership of the Toronto Argonauts and seized control of the club.