Penticton Herald - - OPNION -

— In 1588, the Span­ish Ar­mada was de­feated in the English Chan­nel by the Bri­tish, led by Sir Fran­cis Drake. Although Spain sent other fleets against Eng­land in the 1590s, none re­peated the threat of the 1588 plan to in­vade Eng­land. — Also in 1858, the govern­ment of John A. Mac­don­ald and Ge­orge-Eti­enne Cartier re­signed when the House of Com­mons voted against their mo­tion to move the cap­i­tal of the Prov­ince of Canada to Ot­tawa from York. — In 1873, the first Ice­landers to mi­grate to Canada ar­rived.Their homes had been de­stroyed by a vol­cano. Num­ber­ing 285, they ar­rived in Que­bec and headed for the Muskoka area of On­tario. They found it dif­fi­cult to set­tle there, how­ever, and moved on to Wil­low Point on Lake Win­nipeg. They named it Gimli — Ice­landic for par­adise. — In 1890, artist Vin­cent van Gogh died in Au­vers, France, from a self-in­flicted gun­shot wound. — In 1899, the per­ma­nent in­ter­na­tional court of ar­bi­tra­tion was es­tab­lished at The Hague, in the Nether­lands. — In 1907, Sir Robert Baden-Pow­ell formed the Boy Scout move­ment. — In 1912, the Bri­tish Privy Coun­cil up­held the prov­inces’ pow­ers to make mar­riage laws. — In 1914, the first transcon­ti­nen­tal tele­phone line on the North Amer­i­can con­ti­nent — be­tween New York and San Fran­cisco — was suc­cess­fully tested. — In 1940, the Ger­man Luft­waffe be­gan its all-out blitz against Bri­tain dur­ing the Sec­ond World War. — In 1958, U.S. Pres­i­dent Dwight Eisen­hower signed a bill cre­at­ing the Amer­i­can space agency, NASA. — In 1967, an ac­ci­den­tal rocket launch aboard the su­per­car­rier USS For­re­stal in the Gulf of Tonkin re­sulted in a fire and ex­plo­sions that killed 134 ser­vice­men. — In 1968, Pope Paul VI an­nounced the Catholic ban on ar­ti­fi­cial con­tra­cep­tion would con­tinue. — In 1971, the Oland fam­ily pre­sented the Bluenose II, a replica of the orig­i­nal Bluenose, to the Nova Sco­tia govern­ment as a float­ing mu­seum. — In 1977, crude oil be­gan flow­ing through the Alaska Pipe­line to stor­age tanks at Valdez, Alaska. — In 1981, Prince Charles mar­ried Lady Diana Spencer in Lon­don's St. Paul’s Cathe­dral. An es­ti­mated 750 mil­lion peo­ple world­wide watched the tele­vised cer­e­mony. — In 1984, Ot­tawa chef-caterer Linda Thom won Canada's first Sum­mer Olympics gold medal in 16 years.Thom claimed the women's sport pis­tol ti­tle on the first day of com­pe­ti­tion in Los An­ge­les. — In 1992, Erich Ho­necker, the for­mer com­mu­nist leader of East Ger­many, re­turned to Ber­lin from Moscow and was im­me­di­ately charged with man­slaugh­ter in the deaths of peo­ple shot by bor­der guards while try­ing to flee East Ger­many. — In 2003, the Cana­dian Foot­ball League ter­mi­nated Sher­wood Sch­warz's own­er­ship of the Toronto Arg­onauts and seized con­trol of the club.

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