Dutch to prosecute doctor who euthanized woman with dementia
THE HAGUE, Netherlands — Dutch officials said Friday they will prosecute a nursing home doctor for euthanizing an elderly woman with dementia, the first time a doctor has been charged since the Netherlands legalized euthanasia in 2002.
Dutch prosecutors said in a statement the doctor “had not acted carefully” and “overstepped a line” when she performed euthanasia. Officials first began probing the case in September, when they found the doctor had drugged the patient’s coffee and then had family members hold her down while delivering the fatal injection.
The doctor said she was fulfilling the patient’s earlier euthanasia request and that since the patient was not competent, nothing the woman said during her euthanasia procedure was relevant.
But Dutch prosecutors argued that the patient’s written euthanasia request was “unclear and contradictory.”
“In her living will, the woman wrote that she wanted to be euthanized ‘whenever I think the time is right.’ But after being asked several times in the nursing home whether she wanted to die, she said, ‘Not just now, it’s not so bad yet,’” according to an earlier report by one of the Netherlands’ euthanasia review committees.
“Even if the patient had said at that moment: ‘I don't want to die,’ the physician would have continued,” the committee wrote, citing the doctor’s testimony.
Prosecutors said on Friday that the doctor should have verified with the patient whether or not she still wanted to die and that “the fact that she had become demented does not alter this.”
Johan Legemaate, a professor of health law at the University of Amsterdam, said: “The patient’s declaration has to be clear enough to the situation so doctors know when euthanasia can be applied.”
“But should this include a situation where doctors are drugging patients secretly? It’s now for the court to decide whether this doctor acted within the required limits,” he added.
Legemaate said that there were few cases of euthanasia in patients with advanced dementia, but that the decision to prosecute the doctor in this case might provoke more caution among health professionals.