Weekly crop report
Wet and cool weather delayed harvest for most producers this past week, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s weekly Crop Report. Seventyeight per cent of the crop is now in the bin, slightly up from 75 per cent last week. Harvest progress remains ahead of the five-year (2012-2016) average of 74 per cent for this time of year. Fifteen per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Many producers expect to be back in the field when warmer weather returns and crops can dry sufficiently.
Harvest is most advanced in the southwestern region, where 92 per cent of the crop is now combined. The southeastern region has 88 per cent combined, the west-central region 81 per cent and the east-central region 77 per cent. The northeastern region has 53 per cent combined, while the northwestern region has 48 per cent combined.
Ninety-four per cent of the mustard, 91 per cent of the durum, 88 per cent of the chickpeas, 84 per cent of the barley, 77 per cent of the spring wheat, 68 per cent of the canola and oats, 66 per cent of the canaryseed, 37 per cent of the flax and 18 per cent of the soybeans have now been combined. Twenty-seven per cent of the canola is swathed or ready to straight-cut.
Although the rain was welcomed by many producers in the drier areas of the province, those in the central and northern areas need warm and dry weather soon so that harvest can resume. Rainfall this past week ranged from nil to 36 mm in the Debden and Hafford areas.
Topsoil moisture conditions continue to improve with the recent rainfall, although the subsoil will need significant new moisture to replenish what has been lost to the hot and dry weather. Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 29 per cent adequate, 36 per cent short and 35 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 22 per cent adequate, 34 per cent short and 44 per cent very short.
The extended period of hot and dry conditions this summer has negatively affected production, particularly in the southern and central regions. Canola crops suffered the most, as much of the crop was in full flowering during the hottest time of the season; there are indications that yield has been reduced by as much as 75 per cent in some areas. Soybean crops have been slow to mature and there are reports of pods not filling completely. Many lentil and cereal crops were unable to fill properly as they ran out of moisture much earlier than normal; lighter bushel weights and smaller seeds have resulted. There are also reports of reduced protein content in cereal crops. While yields have been directly affected by the extremely dry conditions, crop quality has been good to excellent with minimal disease issues.
The majority of crop damage this past week was due to wildlife, strong winds, frost and lack of moisture. Pastures and hay land have suffered greatly from the lack of moisture and will need significant rainfall.
Producers are busy combining, completing fall field work, moving cattle and hauling bales.
Harvest ground to a halt this past week, thanks to the recent rainfall. Very little combining was done and harvest progress remains at 53 per cent. The five-year (2012-2016) average for this time of year is 69 per cent. Thirty-four per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Several weeks of warm and dry weather will be needed for the rest of the crop to dry down sufficiently for combining. Some crop is coming off tough and being placed in aeration bins.
Rainfall this past week ranged from 7 mm in the Melfort area to 35 mm in the Nipawin area. The Nipawin area has reported the most precipitation (554 mm) in the region since April 1. Topsoil moisture conditions have greatly improved with the recent moisture. Across the region, topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 50 per cent adequate, 45 per cent short and five per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 36 per cent adequate, 56 per cent short and eight per cent very short.
A hard frost hit last week, although damage is expected to be minimal as most crops were advanced enough. Strong winds have also blown some swaths around. Birds and deer have been damaging swathed crops.
Very little harvest progress was made last week due to scattered showers and cooler weather. Forty-eight per cent of the crop is now in the bin, up slightly from 46 per cent last week but well behind the five-year (2012-2016) average of 71 per cent for this time of year. Several weeks of warm and dry weather will be needed for remaining crops to dry down sufficiently for combining. Some crops are being taken off tough and placed in aeration bins.
Most of the region received rainfall last week, ranging from small amounts to 36 mm in the Debden and Hafford areas. The Pierceland area has reported the most precipitation (563 mm) in both the region and the province since April 1.
Topsoil moisture conditions continue to improve, thanks to the rain. Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 63 per cent adequate, 34 per cent short and three per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 56 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and three per cent very short.
Strong winds and frost are the major causes of crop damage this past week. While frost was reported over several nights, damage has been minimal as most crops were advanced enough. There have been a few reports of sprouting in some cereal crops and high green counts in canola.
Wildlife such as geese and deer have also damaged some swathed crops. Post-harvest herbicide applications continue in those areas with active weed growth.