Weekly crop report
Warm and dry weather earlier in the week allowed many producers to return to the field after several days of rain delays. Eighty-nine per cent of the crop is now in the bin, up from 78 per cent last week. Harvest progress remains ahead of the five year (20122016) average of 82 per cent for this time of year. Eight per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut.
Harvest is most advanced in the southwestern region, where 98 per cent of the crop is now combined. The southeastern and west-central regions have 92 per cent combined and the east-central region 89 per cent. The northeastern region has 78 per cent combined, while the northwestern region has 69 per cent combined.
Many producers worked long hours over the last week to combine remaining crops prior to the rain. Some crops have been taken off tough and placed into aeration bins.
Ninety-nine per cent of chickpeas, 98 per cent of mustard, 97 per cent of durum, 93 per cent of canaryseed, 92 per cent of spring wheat and barley, 84 per cent of canola, 81 per cent of oats, 64 per cent of flax and 46 per cent of soybeans have now been combined. Fourteen per cent of canola is swathed or ready to straight-cut.
Producers in many areas of the province welcomed the heavy rain and snow to help replenish the topsoil; however, warm and dry weather is now needed to dry crops sufficiently for producers to finish harvest. Rainfall this past week ranged from small amounts to 92 mm in the Kenaston area. Many central and northeastern areas reported well over 50 mm of rainfall, while areas in the south reported snow.
Topsoil moisture conditions have greatly improved with the recent moisture, but more will be needed to replenish the subsoil moisture for next spring. Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as five per cent surplus, 39 per cent adequate, 43 per cent short and 13 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 34 per cent adequate, 39 per cent short and 25 per cent very short.
Yield estimates remain about average overall, although they vary greatly across the province depending on time of seeding and moisture received throughout the season. Some eastern and northern areas are reporting higher-than-average yields, thanks to timely rainfall.
Yields in much of the southern and central regions were greatly affected by the extended period of hot and dry conditions this summer. Many crops did not fill properly as they ran out of moisture much earlier than normal. Some cereal crops have reduced protein content and lighter bushel weights. Spring wheat grades are above the 10 year average and are being reported as 74 per cent 1 CW, 23 per cent 2 CW and three per cent 3 CW.
The majority of crop damage this past week was due to localized flooding, frost, strong winds, lack of moisture and wildlife such as geese and deer.
Producers are busy combining, completing fall field work, moving cattle and hauling bales.
A quarter of the region’s crops were harvested last week, thanks to some warm and dry weather. Many producers worked long hours to combine remaining crops before the weekend rain; some crop is coming off tough and being placed in aeration bins.
Seventy-eight per cent of the crop is now in the bin, up from 53 per cent last but slightly below the five-year (2012-2016) average of 80 per cent for this time of year. Several weeks of warm and dry weather are needed in order for producers to finish.
Heavy rainfall was received in much of the region, ranging from 3 mm in the Garrick and Birch Hills areas to 78 mm in the Porcupine Plain area. Many areas reported receiving at least 25 mm of rain.
The Porcupine Plain area has reported the most precipitation (344 mm) in the region since April 1.
Across the region, topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 16 per cent surplus, 59 per cent adequate and 25 per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 62 per cent adequate and 33 per cent short.
Yield estimates vary throughout the region, but range from about average to well above average in the region. Timely moisture throughout the season positively affected production for most producers. Spring wheat grades at this point in time are being reported as 70 per cent 1 CW, 25 per cent 2 CW, four per cent 3 CW and one per cent CW Feed.
Crop damage this past week was due to strong winds, localized flooding and wildlife such as elk, deer and waterfowl. Post-harvest herbicide applications continue on those fields that have active weed growth.