Pa­cific Coast De­fences - Outer Coast

RCN News - - News -

Al­li­ford Bay WWII De­fences (1942 - 1945),

Al­li­ford Bay, Moresby Is­land

Bar­rett Point Bat­tery (1939 - 1946), Kaien Is­land

2003 View

Three 6-inch MK12 guns on MK7 mounts were tem­po­rar­ily em­placed here un­til 1944, when three 6-inch MK24 guns, two on MK6 mounts and one on a MK5 mount, were em­placed. A 6-pounder Hotchkiss gun was also here, as well as two 40mm Bo­fors AA guns and two searchlight po­si­tions. The bat­tery ob­ser­va­tion post, plot­ting room, and mag­a­zines still ex­ist, but over­grown with veg­e­ta­tion. At least one searchlight struc­ture still ex­ists, lo­cated on the wa­ter side of the rail­road in front of the bat­tery site. The ru­ins of the Fire Com­mand post still ex­ist, lo­cated on the land­ward side of the rail­road.

An­nette Is­land, Alaska AA bat­tery, was manned by Cana­dian troops, and was com­manded by the Prince Ru­pert De­fence Com­mand. The Naval sig­nal sta­tion was lo­cated on East Ki­na­han Is­land. An anti-sub­ma­rine mag­netic loop indi­ca­tor sta­tion was lo­cated on Ri­d­ley Is­land. The Boom De­fence De­pot was lo­cated near Chatham Bar­racks, the Royal Cana­dian Navy bar­racks, near where the present-day cruise ship ter­mi­nal is lo­cated. Chatham Bar­racks is now the Royal Cana­dian Le­gion hall. Twelve mo­bile 40mm Bo­fors AA guns were lo­cated around the docks.

The Fed­eral Build­ing (present-day city hall) was used as the com­mand cen­tre by the Cana­dian mil­i­tary. Most war-time con­struc­tion was dis­man­tled soon af­ter the war. The U.S. Army's HQ-Ad­min­is­tra­tion Build­ing on First Av­enue West near the wa­ter­front docks be­came an apart­ment com­plex af­ter the war (burned down in Novem­ber 2004). A mu­ni­tions dump was lo­cated be­hind the city court­house (site now a sunken gar­den, two tun­nels still ex­tant). A U.S. Army mil­i­tary hos­pi­tal was built at Miller Bay. Nearby Port Ed­ward was also used by the U.S. Army as an am­mu­ni­tion stor­age and sup­ply stag­ing area. Twenty

ammo mag­a­zines were lo­cated on Watson Is­land. A pulp mill is now on the site there.

Bella Bella WWII De­fences (1940's), Bella Bella

A two-gun 75mm AMTB bat­tery and an AA bat­tery were lo­cated here to pro­tect the mil­i­tary sea­plane base.

Cape Scott Radar Sta­tion (1942 - 1945), Cape Scott

An RCAF Chain Home Low early warn­ing air de­fence radar was lo­cated here. The Cape Scott Light­house was built in 1960 (DND property, no pub­lic ac­cess).

Casey Point Bat­tery (1944 - 1946), Kaien Is­land

A 6-pounder MK1 twin AMTB bat­tery. Two 25-pounder field-mount guns were also lo­cated here, as well as one searchlight po­si­tion. Em­place­ment still ex­ists. The anti- sub­ma­rine net and boom de­fence was em­placed here and across the sound to Emer­son Point on Digby Is­land.

Coal Har­bour Bat­tery (1940's), Coal Har­bour

A one-gun 75mm AMTB bat­tery and an AA bat­tery were lo­cated here to pro­tect the mil­i­tary sea­plane base and the "back­door" to Port Hardy.

Dun­das Point Bat­tery (1939 - 1945), Digby Is­land

A 75mm AMTB bat­tery, with two searchlight po­si­tions, to pro­tect the sec­ondary boom de­fence across Venn Pas­sage. No longer ex­ists.

Fer­rer Point Radar Sta­tion (1942 - 1945), Nuchatlitz In­let

An RCAF Chain Home Low early warn­ing air de­fence radar was lo­cated here, on the western edge of Nootka Is­land

at the southern en­trance to the in­let.

Fairview Point Bat­tery (1942 - 1945), Kaien Is­land

Two Amer­i­can-made 8-inch M1888 M1 guns on M1918 bar­bette car­riages, which were mounted on M1918 M1 rail cars, on a spur of the CN rail line. Gun po­si­tion no longer ex­ists. In­de­pen­dent fire-con­trol sta­tions for this bat­tery were lo­cated on the west side of Digby Is­land and on Mount Hayes (ru­ins).

Fred­er­ick Point Bat­tery (1939 - 1946), Digby Is­land

Two 12-pounder MK1 quick-fir­ing guns on MK1 mounts. Two searchlight po­si­tions were nearby. The em­place­ments and mag­a­zines still ex­ist.

Port Hardy Bat­tery (1940's), Port Hardy

An anti-air­craft bat­tery was lo­cated here to pro­tect the mil­i­tary air base.

Queen Char­lotte Is­lands Radar Sta­tions (1942 - 1945), var­i­ous lo­ca­tions

No. 1 Coast Watch Unit RCAF was es­tab­lished in 1942 on the un­in­hab­ited west coast of the Queen Char­lotte Is­lands to pro­vide vis­ual sur­veil­lance. In 1943 when radar cov­er­age per­mit­ted, the coast watch­ers were with­drawn. 1 CWU had eight de- tach­ments (each with a "woods­man", two ra­dio op­er­a­tors and a man with "some cook­ing and camp­ing abil­ity") lo­cated (north to south) at Fred­er­ick Is­land, Hippa Is­land, Kin­dakun Is­land, Mar­ble Is­land, Hibben Is­land, Ta­soo Har­bour, Barry Har­bour, and Big Bay.

In 1942 con­struc­tion of a chain of radar sta­tions for sur­veil­lance of the Pa­cific Coast be­gan, im­ple­ment­ing the Chain Home Low early warn­ing radars. By Novem­ber 1943 it was in place. Ini­tially the sta­tions were called "Ra­dio De­tach­ments" and in 1943 the ti­tle "Ra­dio Unit" was adopted. The term "RADAR" was not adopted by Cana­di­ans un­til late 1943. The chain ceased oper­a­tions with the war's end in mid 1945. The RCAF radar sites in the Queen Char­lotte Is­lands were lo­cated on Lan­gara Is­land at Cape Knox, Mar­ble Is­land in Cartwright Sound (Skide­gate Chan­nel), and atCape St. James on Kunghit Is­land (now part of South Moresby Gwaii Haanas

Na­tional Park Re­serve).

Seal Cove Bat­tery (1942 - 1945), Prince Ru­pert

Four 3.7-inch AA guns were lo­cated here to pro­tect the RCAF Sea­plane Base. The bat­tery po­si­tion no longer ex­ists, how­ever the ramp and hangar for the sea­planes still ex­ist, as well as sev­eral am­mu­ni­tion mag­a­zines.

Spi­der Is­land Radar Sta­tion (1943-1945), Spi­der Is­land

An RCAF Chain Home Low early warn­ing air de­fence radar was lo­cated here, south of Bella Bella at the southern en­trance to Queens Sound, within the present day Hakai Luxvbalis Con­ser­vancy Area.

Four 3.7-inch AA guns were lo­cated here. No longer

ex­ists.

Tofino WWII De­fences (1942 - 1945), Tofino

Anti-air­craft bat­ter­ies were lo­cated here to pro­tect the mil­i­tary air base (present Tofino Air­port).

Nearby on Radar Hill, south of town and west of the Tofino Air­port, was the site of a WWII RCAF mi­crowave early warn­ing / ground con­trol in­ter­cept radar sta­tion. Site is ac­ces­si­ble by pub­lic trail.

Ucluelet WWII De­fences (1940's), Ucluelet

A two-gun 75mm AMTB bat­tery and an AA bat­tery were lo­cated here to pro­tect the mil­i­tary sea­plane base.

An RCAF Chain Home Low early warn­ing air de­fence radar was lo­cated nearby at Am­phitrite Point in 1942.

Var­ney Is­land Bat­tery (1942 - 1944), Var­ney Is­land

A 75mm AMTB bat­tery to pro­tect the boom de­fence across Venn Pas­sage. No longer ex­ists.

Yorke Is­land Bat­tery (1914, 1938 - 1945), Yorke Is­land

A two-gun 75mm AMTB bat­tery and an AA bat­tery to pro­tect the mil­i­tary sea­plane base.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Canada

© PressReader. All rights reserved.