News From the World of Medicine

Reader's Digest (Canada) - - Health -

Lighter Cof­fee Roasts Have More An­tiox­i­dants

Caf­feine may be what keeps peo­ple com­ing back for more cof­fee, but the bev­er­age also con­tains chloro­genic acid, a ben­e­fi­cial com­pound. Both sub­stances are an­tiox­i­dants, mean­ing they pro­tect cells from dam­age caused by free rad­i­cals. Korean re­searchers mea­sured them in cof­fee beans that had been roasted to dif­fer­ent lev­els: light, medium, city and French (the last two are darker roasts). The amount of caf­feine didn’t change much, but the lighter the roast, the more chloro­genic acid was present.

Acne Drug Can Help Early-Stage MS

A small trial from the Univer­sity of Cal­gary has found that minocy­cline, the widely avail­able acne med­i­ca­tion, can slow the progress of mul­ti­ple scle­ro­sis in pa­tients who have re­cently ex­pe­ri­enced their first symp­toms. Cur­rently, there are no oral drugs for this early stage of the disease. Minocy­cline is al­ready ap­proved for acne in Canada and the Euro­pean Union and can be pre­scribed “off-la­bel” for other con­di­tions.

Re­sponse to a Part­ner’s Pain Mat­ters

When a loved one is in chronic pain, there are three main kinds of re­sponses: em­pa­thetic be­hav­iours (show­ing at­ten­tion and emo­tional sup­port), so­lic­i­tous be­hav­iours (tak­ing over tasks and en­cour­ag­ing rest) and pun­ish­ing be­hav­iours (ap­pear­ing an­noyed or frus­trated). A 2017 study pub­lished in Psy­cho­log­i­cal Sci­ence fol­lowed 145 pa­tients with knee os­teoarthri­tis. Af­ter 18 months, only those whose spouses mainly re­acted with em­pa­thy had im­proved phys­i­cal func­tion—get­ting up from chairs, walk­ing and so on.

Noise Can Raise Blood Pres­sure Risk

Re­peated ex­po­sure to loud noise may in­crease your like­li­hood of de­vel­op­ing hyper­ten­sion, ac­cord­ing to re­searchers who fol­lowed peo­ple liv­ing near Athens In­ter­na­tional Air­port in Greece, where ap­prox­i­mately 600 planes take off and land each day. Sub­jects lo­cated closer to the plane route had to put up with louder longterm noise; the odds of de­vel­op­ing hyper­ten­sion rose by 69 per cent with each 10-deci­bel in­crease in vol­ume.

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