THIS WEEK IN his­tory

Sackville Tribune - - OP-ED - Cour­tesy of New Brunswick’s Depart­ment of Her­itage.

April 30, 1905 April 30, 1923 April 30, 1765 April 30, 1873 May 1, 1837 May 1, 1987 May 1, 1843 May 1, 1917 May 1, 1856 May 2, 1811 May 2, 1786 May 3, 1935 May 3, 1945 May 3, 1860

– John Pe­ters Humphrey, prin­ci­pal au­thor of the Univer­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights (“The Magna Carta of Mankind”) is born in Hamp­ton.

– The hy­dro­elec­tric dam at Musquash breaks “with a crash­ing that sur­passed the loud­est thun­der,” wash­ing out ev­ery­thing in its path – houses, barns, roads and bridges.

– Sun­bury County is es­tab­lished as the north­ern-most county of Nova Sco­tia, en­com­pass­ing most of present-day New Brunswick.

– Fred­er­ic­ton City Coun­cil ap­proves James Tib­betts’ ap­pli­ca­tion to erect a sawmill on “The Green“be­low Christ Church Cathe­dral. Cit­i­zens are out­raged and suc­ceed in can­celling the pro­ject.

– Ma­jor-gen­eral Sir John Har­vey is ap­pointed Lieu­tenant-gov­er­nor of New Brunswick. A pop­u­lar and diplo­matic leader, a dis­pute with the United States over the bound­ary line with Maine is brought to a peace­ful set­tle­ment through his tact.

– The Bal­sam Fir (Abies bal­samea) is pro­claimed the provin­cial tree for New Brunswick, by an Or­der-in-coun­cil.

– New Brunswick’s first of­fi­cial coins, the Penny and Halfpenny Cop­per to­kens, com­mence cir­cu­la­tion. Be­fore this date prices were quoted in New Brunswick cur­rency, al­though Span­ish, Bri­tish or Amer­i­can coins were ac­tu­ally used.

– Pro­hi­bi­tion com­mences in New Brunswick, mak­ing the sale of liquor un­law­ful – ex­cept for “medic­i­nal, sci­en­tific, sacra­men­tal, and me­chan­i­cal pur­poses.” This law re­mains in ef­fect for 10 years.

– The Town of Wood­stock is in­cor­po­rated.

– Henry Chubb be­gins the “New Brunswick Courier” news­pa­per in Saint John. The Courier be­comes a train­ing ground for many prom­i­nent news­pa­per­men, and cham­pi­ons the rights of the elected As­sem­bly dur­ing the strug­gle for Re­spon­si­ble Gov­ern­ment in the 1830s.

– The first li­bel trial in New Brunswick be­gins in Saint John. Print­ers Wil­liam Lewis and John Ryan are charged with pub­lish­ing in­flam­ma­tory ar­ti­cles. They are found guilty by a jury, fined and made to post a se­cu­rity bond against fu­ture in­frac­tions.

– Bathurst’s Sir James Dunn be­comes Chair­man and Pres­i­dent of Al­goma Steel.

– The Town of Rothe­say is in­cor­po­rated.

– “The Wood­stock Jour­nal” cries foul after dis­cov­er­ing that lo­cal politi­cian and post­mas­ter Charles Con­nell has re­placed Queen Vic­to­ria’s head on the new five-cent stamp with his own face. Con­nell later re­signs his post in dis­grace.

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