TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1483, Martin Luther, the Augustinian monk who became the founder and leader of the German Reformation, was born in Eisleben, Saxony.
In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under the authority of the Continental Congress.
In 1796, Russian Empress Catherine the Great died.
In 1852, Parliament was dissolved at Quebec, owing to an outbreak of cholera.
In 1853, the Great Western Railway line, running 69 kilometres from the Niagara Suspension Bridge to Hamilton, was opened.
In 1856, a telegraph line was opened between Newfoundland and New York.