TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Sentinel-Review (Woodstock) - - NEWS -

In 1280, Ger­man the­olo­gian and mu­sic the­o­rist Al­ber­tus Mag­nus died. Mag­nus taught famed philosopher Thomas Aquinas. In 1492, Christopher Columbus noted in his jour­nal the use of to­bacco among the In­di­ans. It was the first recorded ref­er­ence to to­bacco. In 1708, Bri­tish states­man Wil­liam Pitt (the El­der) was born in Lon­don. In 1765, the first Pres­by­te­rian church in Canada was es­tab­lished at Que­bec by Rev. Ge­orge Henry. In 1777, the Sec­ond Con­ti­nen­tal Congress ap­proved the Ar­ti­cles of Con­fed­er­a­tion, a pre­cur­sor to the Constitution of the United States. In 1806, ex­plorer Ze­bu­lon Pike sighted the moun­tain­top now known as “Pikes Peak” in present-day Colorado. In 1877, the North­west Coun­cil passed laws to con­serve the bi­son. How­ever, by 1880, the bi­son had prac­ti­cally dis­ap­peared from the plains of Canada, de­stroy­ing the tra­di­tional way of life of First Na­tions and Metis liv­ing on the Prairies. In 1880, Cana­dian Ed­ward “Ned” Han­lan won the world’s sculling cham­pi­onships. In 1889, Brazil’s monar­chy was over­thrown. A repub­lic was pro­claimed fol­low­ing the ouster of Dom Pe­dro II, the coun­try’s sec­ond and last em­peror. In 1926, the Na­tional Broad­cast­ing Com­pany made its de­but with a ra­dio net­work of 24 U.S. sta­tions. NBC had been formed by Gen­eral Elec­tric, West­ing­house and RCA, with David Sarnoff as its lead­ing or­ga­nizer. NBC was the first of the ma­jor ra­dio net­works, with the Columbia Broad­cast­ing Sys­tem fol­low­ing in 1927 and the Mu­tual Broad­cast­ing Sys­tem in 1934. In 1939, U.S. Pres­i­dent Roo­sevelt laid the cor­ner­stone of the Jef­fer­son Me­mo­rial in Wash­ing­ton, D.C.

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