TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1308, medieval scholar Duns Scotus died. His given name led to the introduction of the word dunce.
In 1414, in Constance, Switzerland, more than 50,000 people gathered to resolve the Great Schism in the Roman Catholic Church. The Constance council got rid of three men who all claimed to be pope and elected Martin V as the church’s new leader. In 1519, Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez reached Mexico City.
In 1623, William Shakespeare’s collected works were first published.
In 1656, British astronomer Edmund Halley, who discovered the comet that bears his name, was born. He was the first to predict the return of a comet.
In 1793, the Louvre Palace in Paris was opened as a public museum.
In 1847, British author
Bram Stoker was born. His literary legacy is “Dracula,” first published in 1897.
In 1873, Winnipeg was incorporated as a city.
In 1887, the gramaphone was patented by American Thomas Edison.
In 1889, Montana became the 41st U.S. state.
In 1889, Oswald J. Smith, founder of the Peoples Church of Toronto, was born. Smith wanted to be a missionary, but was turned down because of health reasons. So he began a church that was heavily focused on mission activities. Smith also wrote several books and composed more than 1,200 hymns. He died in 1986.
In 1900, Margaret Mitchell -- author of “Gone With the Wind” -- was born in Atlanta. She died in a 1949 car crash.