To­day in His­tory

Sherbrooke Record - - CLASSIFIED -

To­day in His­tory for Oct. 9: On this date:

In 1668, Canada’s first in­sti­tu­tion of higher ed­u­ca­tion, The Que­bec Sem­i­nary, later called Laval Univer­sity, was founded by Bishop Fran­cois de Laval.

In 1811, Sir Isaac Brock be­came pres­i­dent and ad­min­is­tra­tor of the government of Up­per Canada.

In 1820, a procla­ma­tion re­join­ing Cape Bre­ton to Nova Sco­tia was is­sued. Cape Bre­ton be­came part of the colony of Nova Sco­tia in 1763 but it re­mained largely un­de­vel­oped un­til 1784, when it be­came a sep­a­rate colony for Loy­al­ist refugees. Suc­ces­sive waves of Scot­tish im­mi­grants and the re­turn of Aca­di­ans were fol­lowed by the re­unit­ing of the two colonies.

In 1845, the co-founder of the Ox­ford Move­ment in Eng­land, church­man John Henry New­man, made his cel­e­brated con­ver­sion from Angli­can­ism to Ro­man Catholi­cism. From 1845-1862, nearly 250 other English clergy fol­lowed New­man into the Ro­man Catholic faith.

In 1867, Rus­sia for­mally handed over Alaska to the United States.

In 1874, the North­west Mounted Po­lice ar­rived at Fort Whoop-up in the Cy­press Hills area strad­dling south­ern Al­berta and Saskatchewan, bring­ing law and or­der to Canada’s new western ter­ri­to­ries.

In 1875, the Uni­ver­sal Postal Union was founded at Berne, Switzer­land.

In 1877, the first steam lo­co­mo­tive on the Prairies, the “Count­ess of Duf­ferin,” ar­rived in Win­nipeg by barge down the Red River.

In 1890, flam­boy­ant evan­ge­list Aimee Sem­ple Mcpher­son was born in Inger­soll, Ont. Raised by strict par­ents, the for­mer Aimee Kennedy was mar­ried three times and had two chil­dren. She toured Canada, the United States, Bri­tain and Aus­tralia and, with her highly dra­matic pres­ence on the pul­pit, be­came one of the most pub­li­cized re­li­gious re­vival­ists in the world. She died of an ac­ci­den­tal drug over­dose in 1944.

In 1919, the Cincin­nati Reds won the World Series, 5 games to 3, de­feat­ing the Chicago White Sox 10-5 at Comiskey Park. (The vic­tory turned hol­low amid charges eight of the White Sox had thrown the Series in what be­came known as the “Black Sox” scan­dal.)

In 1930, Laura In­galls be­came the first woman to fly across the United States as she com­pleted a nine-stop jour­ney from Roo­sevelt Field, N.Y., to Glendale, Calif.

In 1934, Yu­goslavia’s King Alexan­der was as­sas­si­nated in Mar­seilles, France.

In 1938, the St. Clair River bridge from Point Ed­ward, Ont., to Port Huron, Mich., was ded­i­cated.

In 1940, Sir Wil­fred Gren­fell, a med­i­cal mis­sion­ary in Labrador and New­found­land, died at his re­tire­ment home on Lake Cham­plain.

In 1940, com­pul­sory mil­i­tary training be­gan for 29,750 Cana­di­ans.

In 1950, U.S. Gen. Dou­glas Macarthur or­dered the in­va­sion of North Korea.

In 1953, Ot­tawa an­nounced the es­tab­lish­ment of Canada’s first peace­time army di­vi­sion — the 1st Cana­dian Di­vi­sion.

In 1958, Pope Pius XII died, 19 years af­ter he was el­e­vated to the pa­pacy in 1939 near the start of the Sec­ond World War. His lead­er­ship of the Ro­man Catholic Church dur­ing the war and the Holo­caust re­mains the sub­ject of con­tin­ued his­tor­i­cal con­tro­versy.

In 1963, Prime Min­is­ter Lester Pear­son an­nounced in the Com­mons that Canada had given the United States per­mis­sion to store de­fen­sive nu­clear war­heads for jet in­ter­cep­tors at Amer­i­can bases in New­found­land. The Op­po­si­tion com­plained be­cause Pear­son would not make the agree­ment pub­lic for se­cu­rity rea­sons.

In 1967, Latin Amer­i­can guer­rilla leader Che Gue­vara was ex­e­cuted while at­tempt­ing to in­cite rev­o­lu­tion in Bo­livia.

In 1974, Cana­dian Herve Fil­lion be­came the first North Amer­i­can har­ness driver to win 5,000 races.

In 1974, busi­ness­man Oskar Schindler, cred­ited with sav­ing about 1,200 Jews dur­ing the Holo­caust, died in Frank­furt, West Ger­many. (At his re­quest, he was buried in Jerusalem).

In 1975, An­drei Sakharov be­came the first Soviet cit­i­zen to win the No­bel Peace Prize.

In 1984, Toronto art stu­dent Peter Greyson was sen­tenced to 89 days in jail for pour­ing red ink on an orig­i­nal copy of the 1982 Con­sti­tu­tion Act to protest the for­mer Lib­eral government’s de­ci­sion to test cruise mis­siles in Canada.

In 1987, Clare Boothe Luce, writer of hit Broad­way plays and a for­mer U.S. am­bas­sador to Italy, died at the age of 84.

In 1990, con­struc­tion be­gan on the Hiber­nia mega oil pro­ject off the coast of New­found­land.

In 1990, Air Canada chair­man Claude Tay­lor an­nounced that the air­line was lay­ing off 2,900 em­ploy­ees from ramp han­dlers to cus­tomer ser­vice agents and pi­lots due to es­ca­lat­ing oil prices and re­ces­sion.

In 1997, in a ma­jor vic­tory for the dis­abled, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that prov­inces must pay for sign lan­guage in­ter­preters for the deaf when they re­ceive med­i­cal treat­ment.

In 2000, Ken­neth Dyer, a re­tired ad­mi­ral who acted on his own and sent Cana­dian war­ships to sea to help the United States dur­ing the Cuban mis­sile cri­sis, died. He was 85.

In 2004, the first di­rect pres­i­den­tial elec­tion was held in Afghanistan. Pres­i­dent Hamid Karzai was de­clared the win­ner on Nov. 3 af­ter a fi­nal vote count.

In 2004, Prime Min­is­ter John Howard won a his­toric fourth term in Aus­tralia’s elec­tion.

In 2006, North Korea set off its first nu­clear test, be­com­ing the eighth coun­try in his­tory to join the club of nu­clear weapons states.

In 2007, Danny Wil­liams and his Pro­gres­sive Con­ser­va­tives won a land­slide vic­tory in the New­found­land and Labrador elec­tion.

In 2007, France’s Albert Fert and Ger­man Peter Gru­en­berg won the No­bel Prize in physics for a dis­cov­ery that lets com­put­ers, ipods and other dig­i­tal de­vices store reams of data on ever-shrink­ing hard disks.

In 2008, Ice­land’s government took con­trol of the coun­try’s three largest banks as it strug­gled to pre­vent a col­lapse in its en­tire bank­ing sys­tem. The Prime Min­is­ter closed the stock mar­ket and said the coun­try was on the verge of “na­tional bank­ruptcy.”

In 2009, for­mer NHL star The­o­ren Fleury said he was sex­u­ally abused by his ju­nior hockey coach, Gra­ham James. James was jailed in 1997 af­ter ad­mit­ting to sex­u­ally abus­ing two play­ers on his ju­nior hockey team — exnhl’er Shel­don Kennedy and an­other plain­tiff who was not iden­ti­fied. Ru­mours swirled at that time the other vic­tim was Fleury, but he re­fused to ad­dress the mat­ter.

In 2009, for­mer Nor­bourg CEO Vin­cent Lacroix, whom the judge de­scribed as the big­gest fraud­ster in Cana­dian his­tory, was sen­tenced to 13 years in prison for de­fraud­ing thou­sands of small-time in­vestors of an es­ti­mated $115 mil­lion.

In 2009, U.S. Pres­i­dent Barack Obama won the No­bel Peace Prize in a stun­ning de­ci­sion de­signed to en­cour­age his ini­tia­tives to re­duce nu­clear arms, ease ten­sions with the Mus­lim world and stress diplo­macy and co­op­er­a­tion rather than uni­lat­er­al­ism. Obama do­nated the $1.4 mil­lion prize to char­ity.

In 2011, the NHL re­turned to Win­nipeg with its first of­fi­cial game in 15 years, and even los­ing 5-1 to Mon­treal didn’t put a damper on the mas­sive civic cel­e­bra­tion. Nik An­tropov scored the first goal for the rein­car­nated Jets at 2:27 of the third pe­riod.

In 2012, 68-year-old for­mer Penn State as­sis­tant coach Jerry San­dusky was sen­tenced to at least 30 years in prison in the child sex­ual abuse scan­dal that brought shame to the univer­sity and led to coach Joe Paterno’s down­fall. San­dusky was found guilty in June of 45 counts of child sex­ual abuse, con­victed of mo­lest­ing 10 boys over a 15year pe­riod.

In 2012, a Tal­iban gun­man in Pak­istan’s volatile Swat Val­ley shot and wounded 14-year-old ac­tivist Malala Yousafzai, known for cham­pi­oning the ed­u­ca­tion of girls and pub­li­ciz­ing atroc­i­ties com­mit­ted by the Tal­iban.

(The Cana­dian Press)

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Canada

© PressReader. All rights reserved.