U.S. warns Russia, China on sanctions
WASHINGTON — The U.S. warned Tuesday that it will punish companies in China and Russia that don’t comply with restrictions in the new international sanctions on North Korea.
State Department and Treasury Department officials testified to the House Foreign Affairs Committee about the U.S. pressure campaign against North Korea’s rapid progress toward a nuclear weapon that could strike America.
The hearing came a day after the UN Security Council imposed its latest sanctions over what North Korea says was a hydrogen bomb test Sept. 3, its most powerful atomic test yet. The council banned North Korean textile exports, an important source of hard currency, and capped its imports of crude oil.
Treasury Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing Marshall Billingslea credited China and Russia’s support of the UN resolution but said both countries “must do much more” to implement and enforce the sanctions, in the face of Pyongyang ’s ability to evade restrictions that have been progressively tightened for a decade.
“Because of uneven, and sometimes nonexistent, international implementation, North Korea shrugs off the practical impact of many restrictions, and is still exporting prohibited goods such as weapons, minerals, and statues,” Billingslea said.
He showed to the hearing satellite images provided by U.S. intelligence of ships purported to travel between Russia and China with illicit exports of North Korean coal in violation of sanctions.
Susan Thornton, the acting top U.S. diplomat for East Asia, noted that last month the U.S. rolled out new sanctions targeting Russian and Chinese individuals and entities. She said the U.S. would continue to act to disrupt North Korea’s illicit activities wherever they are located.
That included a June 29 desig- nation of the Bank of Dandong, a regional Chinese bank, which is believed to help North Korea access the U.S. and international financial systems.
Thornton said the administration “has made clear that if China and Russia do not act, we will use the tools we have at our disposal.”
Republican Rep. Ed Royce, the committee chairman, said efforts by the U.S. and its allies to counter the threat from North Korea nuclear and missile programs should be “super-charged.”
Treasury Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing Marshall Billingslea testifies during a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing on North Korea.