TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1907, “The Lusitania” completed its maiden voyage across the Atlantic. Eight years later in 1915, the ship, owned by the Cunard Steamship Line Shipping Co., was torpedoed by the German submarine U-20 during the First World War, killing 1,198 of the nearly 2,000 people aboard. The Lusitania sank in about 18 minutes about 15 kilometres off the Old Head of Kinsale, Ireland.
In 1907, Phil Edwards, the first Canadian to win five Olympic medals, was born in Guyana. Edwards moved to Montreal before the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, where he won a bronze relay medal. At the 1932 Los Angeles Games, Edwards added three more bronze medals in track and his fifth Olympic bronze came in the 800 metres in Berlin in 1936. He died Sept. 6, 1971.
In 1915, the Canadian Corps was established when the 2nd Canadian Division arrived at the front in France. Brig. Arthur Currie was promoted to general in command of the 1st Division. Under his leadership, the Canadian Corps preserved its identity and became one of the most feared attack forces during the First World War.
In 1940, Buckingham Palace was hit by a bomb during a German raid. In an earlier attack, the Germans dropped a time bomb on the palace on Sept. 8 and the bomb exploded two days later. Bombs also struck the palace on Sept. 10 and Sept. 15. The Royal Family was uninjured in the attacks.
In 1942, 113 people died in a German submarine attack on the Canadian destroyer “Ottawa” in the Atlantic.
In 1943, Chiang Kai-shek became president of China.
In 1965, the new Toronto city hall was formally opened.
In 1966, John Vorster was sworn in as prime minister of South Africa.
In 1971, 33 prisoners and nine guards died when police stormed a prison in Attica, N.Y., to quell a riot.
In 1980, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the provincial premiers broke off stalemated talks on constitutional reform.
In 1981, the Soviet Union trounced Canada 8-1 in Montreal to win the Canada Cup hockey tournament. It was the only time Canada lost the tournament, which was played five times between 1976 and ’91.
In 1981, thousands of people from more than 880 Canadian communities took part in the first Terry Fox Memorial Run, raising money for cancer research. It was the first anniversary of the day the one-legged runner had to call off his “Marathon of Hope” run across Canada after cancer was discovered in his lungs. The annual 10-km event to raise funds for cancer research now draws hundreds of thousands of participants around the world.
In 1993, Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization signed a historic peace accord in Washington, calling for mutual recognition of Jewish and Palestinian states and laid the foundations for Palestinian self-rule.
In 1996, Bishop Hubert O’Connor was sentenced to two-and-a-half years in prison for sexual assaults he committed 30 years earlier while he was principal of Williams Lake Indian residential school in B.C.