TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

St. Thomas Times-Journal - - LIFE -

In 1907, “The Lusi­ta­nia” com­pleted its maiden voy­age across the At­lantic. Eight years later in 1915, the ship, owned by the Cu­nard Steamship Line Ship­ping Co., was tor­pe­doed by the Ger­man submarine U-20 dur­ing the First World War, killing 1,198 of the nearly 2,000 peo­ple aboard. The Lusi­ta­nia sank in about 18 min­utes about 15 kilo­me­tres off the Old Head of Kin­sale, Ire­land.

In 1907, Phil Ed­wards, the first Cana­dian to win five Olympic medals, was born in Guyana. Ed­wards moved to Mon­treal be­fore the 1928 Am­s­ter­dam Olympics, where he won a bronze re­lay medal. At the 1932 Los An­ge­les Games, Ed­wards added three more bronze medals in track and his fifth Olympic bronze came in the 800 me­tres in Ber­lin in 1936. He died Sept. 6, 1971.

In 1915, the Cana­dian Corps was es­tab­lished when the 2nd Cana­dian Di­vi­sion ar­rived at the front in France. Brig. Arthur Cur­rie was pro­moted to gen­eral in com­mand of the 1st Di­vi­sion. Un­der his lead­er­ship, the Cana­dian Corps pre­served its iden­tity and be­came one of the most feared at­tack forces dur­ing the First World War.

In 1940, Buck­ing­ham Palace was hit by a bomb dur­ing a Ger­man raid. In an ear­lier at­tack, the Ger­mans dropped a time bomb on the palace on Sept. 8 and the bomb ex­ploded two days later. Bombs also struck the palace on Sept. 10 and Sept. 15. The Royal Fam­ily was un­in­jured in the at­tacks.

In 1942, 113 peo­ple died in a Ger­man submarine at­tack on the Cana­dian de­stroyer “Ot­tawa” in the At­lantic.

In 1943, Chi­ang Kai-shek be­came president of China.

In 1965, the new Toronto city hall was for­mally opened.

In 1966, John Vorster was sworn in as prime min­is­ter of South Africa.

In 1971, 33 pris­on­ers and nine guards died when po­lice stormed a prison in At­tica, N.Y., to quell a riot.

In 1980, Prime Min­is­ter Pierre Trudeau and the pro­vin­cial pre­miers broke off stale­mated talks on con­sti­tu­tional re­form.

In 1981, the Soviet Union trounced Canada 8-1 in Mon­treal to win the Canada Cup hockey tour­na­ment. It was the only time Canada lost the tour­na­ment, which was played five times be­tween 1976 and ’91.

In 1981, thou­sands of peo­ple from more than 880 Cana­dian com­mu­ni­ties took part in the first Terry Fox Memo­rial Run, rais­ing money for can­cer re­search. It was the first an­niver­sary of the day the one-legged run­ner had to call off his “Marathon of Hope” run across Canada af­ter can­cer was dis­cov­ered in his lungs. The an­nual 10-km event to raise funds for can­cer re­search now draws hun­dreds of thou­sands of par­tic­i­pants around the world.

In 1993, Is­rael and the Pales­tine Lib­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion signed a his­toric peace ac­cord in Wash­ing­ton, call­ing for mu­tual recog­ni­tion of Jewish and Pales­tinian states and laid the foun­da­tions for Pales­tinian self-rule.

In 1996, Bishop Hu­bert O’Con­nor was sen­tenced to two-and-a-half years in prison for sex­ual as­saults he com­mit­ted 30 years ear­lier while he was prin­ci­pal of Wil­liams Lake In­dian res­i­den­tial school in B.C.

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