Preventing the spread of infection
As we are now officially entering into the cold and flu season I want to talk about preventing the spread of germs.
Because for most viral infections including the common cold, the flu and gastro-enteritis, there is no specific treatment, prevention is best.
We talk a lot about the vital role of hand washing and how important it is to“cough or sneeze into our sleeves ”. as a reminder, you should wash your hands often with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especiallyafter using the toilet, before and after eating or feeding others, after blowing your nose and after touching anything a sick person has touched.
However, I also want to discuss what other precautions you can take to prevent the spread of germs at home, school and at work. we know that viruses can live for at least a 24-48 hours on surfaces including:
• Toilet handles and seat tops
• Doorknobs and light switches
• Telephones counter and table tops and other work surfaces
• Remote controls so, it is important to clean these areas or items frequently in order to kill any germs that may be lying on them. remember, germs are very tiny and are invisible to us.
Preparing and using a homemade disinfectant solution:
There are many commercial disinfectants that you can purchase. however you can prepare a homemade disinfectant solution using bl each which is effective in disinfecting hard surfaces contaminated by blood or other body fluids. To prepare a solution, mix one cup (250 ml) of household bleach with 10 (2500ml) cups of water. This is a one in 10 dilution; one part bleach, 10 parts water. use rubber gloves and protective eye-wear when mixing. never mix bleach solutions with ammonia or other disinfects, as this can result in toxic fumes.
Always clean surfaces first with soap and water, before using a disinfectant. when cleaning specific objects, dip them into a bucket containing the disinfectant solution, then remove and let them dry (of course this applies to objects that are not electronic or sensitive to being dipped in to a liquid solution). For surfaces, use paper towels or a clean cloth soaked in the bleach and water solution and then let the surfaces dry. For safety’s sake, keep all cleaning solutions away from children and pets.
On a final note, here are some other helpful infection prevention tips.
• Do not share towels, facecloths, kitchen utensils, glasses or tooth brushes.
• Toys used by children who are ill should not be shared with other children until they have been cleaned and disinfected.
• When possible, any sick person at home should try to keep a distance of at least six feet (two metres) away from others. also, avoid having visitors at the house.
It's important to disinfect areas frequently, in an effort to stop the spread of germs.