First year of ERM shows results
Formedin the fall of 2011, the ERM Estrie regionale has released the results of its first year of operations. ERM Estrie is a special task force that includes police investigators from the Quebec, the Sherbrooke
in either the city or the rest of the province.
What matters for the future of French is not what the mother tongue of immigrants happens to be, but which of the two official languages these immigrants adopt upon their arrival in Quebec.
And according to the numbers, immigrants seem to be choosing French over English, a trend that has lasted at least a decade. The proportion of allophones speaking French at home either part or most of the time has risen from 34.7% to 40% in ten years, while the proportion of allophones speaking English at home either most or part of the time has dropped from 34% to 29.9% during the identical time frame.
Here in the Eastern Townships, the number of mother-tongue francophones has either stayed steady or increased during the last five years.
In Memphremagog MRC, the proportion of francophones has increased from 79.6% of the population to 82% of the population. Anglophones, by contrast, have dropped from 17.4% to 14.9%.
In Coaticook MRC, the increase of mother-tongue francophones has been less pronounced, representing 88% of the population today, up from 87.3% in 2006.
Similarly, the drop of the proportion of anglos in Coaticook has been marginal.
In both Coaticook and Memphremagog MRCs, the allophone population has declined considerably, in some cases by over a half. In Coaticook, allophones represent 0.8% of the population, down from 1.5% in 2006. In Memphremagog, they represent 1.5% of the population, down from 2.1%.
Only in Sherbrooke do we see the number of allophoness increasing, from 5.4% in 2006 to 5.6% in 2011.
The number of bilingual people in Memphremagog MRC has gone up, representing 50.2% of the population—higher than the provincial average of 42%.
By contrast, the number of bilingual people in Coaticook MRC is only 37.6%. In Sherbrooke, it is 41.9%