TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Beacon Herald - - NEWS -

In 1321, Ital­ian poet Dante Alighieri died.

In 1752, the Gre­go­rian cal­en­dar was of­fi­cially adopted by the Bri­tish Em­pire and its colonies in Amer­ica.

In 1812, the Rus­sians set fire to Moscow be­fore Napoleon’s tri­umphant march into the city. Three-fourths of the city was de­stroyed in the next few days. Napoleon re­mained in Moscow for about a month while cold and hunger dec­i­mated the Grande Armee.

In 1814, the poem “De­fence of Fort McHenry” (later be­com­ing the lyrics to “The Star-Span­gled Ban­ner”) was writ­ten by Fran­cis Scott Key fol­low­ing the Bri­tish shelling of Fort McHenry in Mary­land. The morn­ing af­ter, Key saw the Amer­i­can flag still fly­ing over the fortress and wrote his poem. It was set to the tune of an English drink­ing song and it was des­ig­nated as the U.S. na­tional an­them in 1916 by Pres­i­dent Woodrow Wil­son, and his or­der was con­firmed by an act of Congress in 1931.

In 1882, the steamer “Asia” sank in Ge­or­gian Bay dur­ing a fierce gale, claim­ing 126 lives.

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