TODAY IN HISTORY
nearly 600 bishops of the Christian church began meeting at the Second Ecumenical Council. After several days of debate, the Chalcedonian creed, which affirmed that Christ was both fully divine and human, was adopted.
Christopher Columbus sighted land on his first voyage to the New World - an island in the Bahamas chain, was named San Salvador and was claimed in the name of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain.
the German festival Oktoberfest was first held in Munich to celebrate the wedding of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Brazil proclaimed its independence.