TODAY IN HIS­TORY

The Chatham Daily News - - NEWS -

In 1521, at the Diet of Worms, Holy Ro­man Em­peror Charles V con­demned Martin Luther, a year af­ter the lat­ter had been ex­com­mu­ni­cated by Pope Leo X. Luther, a proud man, re­fused to re­pent de­spite the se­vere ac­tion taken against him.

In 1793, the first news­pa­per in Up­per Canada -- the “Up­per Canada Gazette” -- was pub­lished.

In 1932, the Ford Model B, last of the orig­i­nal four-cylin­der cars, made its de­but.

In 1934, the first self-ser­vice laun­dro­mat was opened in Fort Worth, Texas. The washa­te­ria, as it was called, had four electric wash­ing ma­chines, which were rented by the hour.

In 1942, the Toronto Maple Leafs com­pleted the great­est come­back ever in a Stan­ley Cup fi­nal. They downed the Detroit Red Wings 3-1 to win the NHL ti­tle in seven games af­ter be­ing down 3-0 in the se­ries. In 1945, Cana­dian forces com­pleted the lib­er­a­tion of north­east­ern Holland from the Nazis. In 1949, Ire­land be­came a repub­lic.

In 1955, No­bel Prize-win­ning sci­en­tist Al­bert Ein­stein died at age 76 in Prince­ton, N.J.

In 1956, actress Grace Kelly mar­ried Prince Rainier of Monaco in a civil cer­e­mony in Monte Carlo. A church wed­ding came the next day.

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