The Chatham Daily News - - NEWS -

In 1839, the Treaty of Lon­don made Bel­gium and Holland sep­a­rate coun­tries.

In 1850, Britain and the United States signed a treaty to build the Panama Canal. Wash­ing­ton later built the canal on its own.

In 1862, Simon Fraser, who ex­plored the B.C. river that bears his name, died in St. An­drews West, Ont., at 85.

In 1877, Ole Ev­in­rude, the Nor­we­gian-Amer­i­can who in­vented the out­board mo­tor in 1909, was born.

In 1882, Charles Dar­win, orig­i­na­tor of the the­ory of or­ganic evo­lu­tion through nat­u­ral se­lec­tion, died at 73.

In 1883, Que­bec's Par­lia­ment build­ings burned down.

In 1897, the first Bos­ton Marathon was held. Win­ner John J. McDer­mott ran the course in two hours, 55 min­utes and 10 sec­onds.

In 1904, fire raged through down­town Toronto, caus­ing an es­ti­mated $12 mil­lion in dam­age and de­stroy­ing 104 build­ings. Amaz­ingly, there were no deaths.

In 1906, Pierre Curie, who with his wife, Marie, dis­cov­ered ra­dium, was struck and killed by a cart in Paris. He was 47. In 1907, Tom Long­boat, from On­tario's Six Na­tions Onondaga Re­serve, be­came the first Cana­dian to win the Bos­ton Marathon.

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