TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1839, the Treaty of London made Belgium and Holland separate countries.
In 1850, Britain and the United States signed a treaty to build the Panama Canal. Washington later built the canal on its own.
In 1862, Simon Fraser, who explored the B.C. river that bears his name, died in St. Andrews West, Ont., at 85.
In 1877, Ole Evinrude, the Norwegian-American who invented the outboard motor in 1909, was born.
In 1882, Charles Darwin, originator of the theory of organic evolution through natural selection, died at 73.
In 1883, Quebec's Parliament buildings burned down.
In 1897, the first Boston Marathon was held. Winner John J. McDermott ran the course in two hours, 55 minutes and 10 seconds.
In 1904, fire raged through downtown Toronto, causing an estimated $12 million in damage and destroying 104 buildings. Amazingly, there were no deaths.
In 1906, Pierre Curie, who with his wife, Marie, discovered radium, was struck and killed by a cart in Paris. He was 47. In 1907, Tom Longboat, from Ontario's Six Nations Onondaga Reserve, became the first Canadian to win the Boston Marathon.