The Chatham Daily News - - NEWS -

In 753 B.C., the city of Rome was founded.

In 1142, con­tro­ver­sial French the­olo­gian, philoso­pher and mu­si­cian Peter Abe­lard died. He was a monk at the monastery of Cluny. His work when he taught at the Univer­sity of Paris was called into ques­tion by St. Bernard of Clair­vaux.

In 1664, the gover­nor of New France banned the lit­ter­ing of streets with straw, ma­nure or “any­thing else.”

In 1785, trial by jury be­gan in Up­per Canada (now On­tario) with the adop­tion of Bri­tish com­mon law.

In 1816, English writer Char­lotte Bronte was born in Thorn­ton, Eng­land. The au­thor of “Jane Eyre” died in 1855.

In 1821, the Bank of Up­per Canada was in­cor­po­rated.

In 1836, an army of Tex­ans de­feated the Mex­i­cans at San Jac­into, cap­tur­ing General Santa Anna and as­sur­ing the in­de­pen­dence of Texas.

In 1910, au­thor Sa­muel Langhorne Cle­mens, bet­ter known as Mark Twain, died in Red­ding, Conn., at age 74.

In 1918, Ger­man air ace Baron Man­fred von Richthofen -- bet­ter known as the “Red Baron” -- was shot down and killed over the West­ern Front dur­ing a First World War dog­fight with Capt. Roy Brown of Carleton Place, Ont., a flight leader in the 209th Squadron of the Royal Fly­ing Corps.

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