TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1926, the future Queen Elizabeth II was born in London. Her parents were the Duke and Duchess of York, who became King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1936. The younger Elizabeth assumed the throne when her father died in 1952.
In 1951, the Toronto Maple Leafs won their fourth Stanley Cup in five years. They beat the Montreal Canadiens in a five-game final capped by an overtime goal by defenceman Bill Barilko. He died in a light plane crash in northern Ontario four months later but the wreckage was not found until 1962.
In 1956, the Canadian Congress of Labour and the Trades and Labour Congress merged to form the Canadian Labour Congress.
In 1972, the first astronomical observatory on another planetary body was set up on the moon by “Apollo 16” astronauts.
In 1980, Rosie Ruiz was the first woman to cross the finish line at the Boston Marathon; however, she was later exposed as a fraud. (Canadian Jacqueline Gareau was named the actual winner of the women’s race.)
In 1985, broadcasting legend Foster Hewitt died in Toronto at age 82. He was the radio, and later television, voice of NHL games and international hockey for more than five decades.
In 1986, Prince Edward Island’s Liberals, led by Joe Ghiz, ended seven years of Conservative rule by taking 21 of 32 seats in a provincial election.
In 1990, Pope John Paul II was greeted by hundreds of thousands of people as he visited Czechoslovakia to help celebrate the nation’s peaceful overthrow of Communism.
In 2004, Canada’s parliament voted 153-68 to pass a private member’s resolution endorsing the controversial view that the 1915 massacre of 1.5 million Armenians by Ottoman troops was genocide.
In 2005, in a televised address to the nation, Prime Minister Paul Martin apologized for the sponsorship scandal. He promised an election within 30 days of Justice John Gomery’s final inquiry report on the sponsorship program. However the opposition parties forced an election earlier than Martin planned, and his Liberals lost to the Conservatives.
In 2010, Robert Baltovich, who spent eight years in jail convicted of murdering his girlfriend Elizabeth Bain before being acquitted, sued Ontario’s attorney general and police for $13 million in general and punitive damages.
In 2010, one of only a few remaining assets of the former Nortel Networks empire was sold, with the Canadian company’s interest in a Korean operation (LG-Nortel Co.Ltd) going to LM Ericsson for US$242 million.
In 2010, Gov. Gen. Michaelle Jean delivered an apology for Canada’s part in the world’s failure to respond to the 1994 Rwandan genocide. She was the first top-level Canadian official to visit Rwanda since the atrocity.
In 2011, Prince Charles entered the record books for spending the longest time as heir apparent to the British throne -- 59 years, two months and 14 days. King Edward VII held the previous record, waiting to succeed his mother Queen Victoria.
In 2011, Michel Martelly, a popular singer known by the stage name “Sweet Micky,” was officially declared the next president of the earthquakedevastated country of Haiti.
In 2016, music icon Prince, the dazzlingly talented and charismatic singer, songwriter, arranger and multi-instrumentalist who created a gender- and genre-defying blend of rock, pop, funk and soul, died of an accidental overdose of the painkiller fentanyl at his Paisley Park estate in suburban Minneapolis. He was 57.