At risk, in your back­yard

The Chatham Daily News - - NATIONAL NEWS / CLASSIFIEDS -

South­ern res­i­dent killer whales Found around Van­cou­ver Is­land, as far north as Haida Gwaii and as far south as Cal­i­for­nia, south­ern res­i­dent killer whales (part of the orca fam­ily) have a pop­u­la­tion of just 78. This is partly be­cause their pre­ferred prey, Chi­nook sal­mon, are also en­dan­gered.

Swift Fox The story of the swift fox is one of cau­tious op­ti­mism. Roughly the size of house cats, swift foxes once lived across the prairies, but were driven out and killed as the land was con­verted to farm­land. Then, in 1973, Canada be­gan a cap­tive breed­ing pro­gram for the foxes, and started rein­tro­duc­ing them to the wild 10 years later. As of 2009, there were an es­ti­mated 647 foxes in the coun­try, and they were down­graded from en­dan­gered to threat­ened in 2012.

Bobolink Re­searchers say the bobolink pop­u­la­tion has shrunk by 88 per cent in the last 40 years. The small song­birds of­ten nest on the ground in hay fields, and are fre­quently killed when fields are mowed be­fore the young can fly. Jef­fer­son sala­man­der They’re not an­i­mals of great beauty, but the slick, brown­grey Jef­fer­son sala­man­ders have be­come such a source of con­cern in On­tario that the city of Burling­ton now shuts down a stretch of road ev­ery spring to let them cross to their breed­ing ponds un­harmed. While the species isn’t at risk glob­ally, it’s now listed as en­dan­gered in Canada.

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