The Chatham Daily News - - OPINION -

In 1935, the Congress of In­dus­trial Or­ga­ni­za­tions (CIO) was formed by the un­skilled work­ers in mass-pro­duc­tion in­dus­tries. It merged with AFL in 1955 to jointly face new de­vel­op­ments such as au­to­ma­tion.

In 1938, more than 30,000 Jews were ar­rested and syn­a­gogues and Jewish busi­nesses were de­stroyed through­out Ger­many in what has be­come known as “Kristall­nacht,” or “Night of the Bro­ken Glass.” Around 2,000-2,500 deaths were di­rectly or in­di­rectly at­trib­ut­able to the pogrom. In 1942, Werner Janowski, a Ger­man se­cret agent, was ar­rested af­ter be­ing landed at the Gaspe town of New Carlisle, Que., by sub­ma­rine.

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