IT HAPPENED ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
— In 1773, the ship, Hector, arrived at Brown’s Point, near Pictou, N.S. Hector carried 178 Scottish immigrants — the first large wave of immigration that made Scots the predominant ethnic group in Nova Scotia.
— In 1835, Charles Darwin reached the Galapagos Islands aboard HMS Beagle.
— In 1916, tanks were used in combat for the first time by the British at the battle of FlersCourcelette, during the First World War.
— In 1917, Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky, whose government was overthrown two months later by the Bolsheviks.
— In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws were passed in Germany, segregating Jews and adopting the swastika as the official German flag. The laws barred Jews from professional positions, stripped them of property and segregated them into ghet- tos.
— In 1940, the Germans launched heavy bombing attacks on London and lost 60 aircraft.
— In 1946, 21 members of the Royal Canadian Air Force died in a plane crash near Estevan, Sask. The plane carried a load of pilots, all members of No. 124 Squadron. The cause of the crash was determined to be human error.
— In 1959, Nikita Khrushchev became the first Soviet head of state to visit the United States as he arrived at Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington, where he was greeted by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The two leaders then met at the White House; a joint communique afterward described the talks as “friendly and frank.”
— In 1960, Maurice (Rocket) Richard announced his retirement from hockey after playing 18 seasons with the Montreal Canadiens.
— In 1970, Canada’s first sex change patient, Dianna, formerly a man, told reporters in Toronto that three operations, innumerable hormone pills, and several electrolytic hair removal treatments had transformed her/him into a green-eyed, redheaded woman. Dianna, a native of Winnipeg, did not reveal her surname in order to prevent harassment of her parents.
— In 1976, Team Canada won the first Canada Cup hockey tournament when Darryl Sittler scored in overtime to beat Czechoslovakia 5-4.
— In 1978, Muhammad Ali became the first heavyweight boxer to win the world title three times when he won a 15-round decision from Leon Spinks in New Orleans.
— In 1987, Team Canada defeated the Soviet Union 6-5 in the third and deciding game of the Canada Cup hockey tournament final in Hamilton. Wayne Gretzky set up Mario Lemieux for the winning goal.