IT HAP­PENED ON THIS DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Daily Courier - - OPINION -

— In 1773, the ship, Hec­tor, ar­rived at Brown’s Point, near Pic­tou, N.S. Hec­tor car­ried 178 Scot­tish im­mi­grants — the first large wave of im­mi­gra­tion that made Scots the pre­dom­i­nant eth­nic group in Nova Sco­tia.

— In 1835, Charles Dar­win reached the Gala­pa­gos Is­lands aboard HMS Bea­gle.

— In 1916, tanks were used in com­bat for the first time by the Bri­tish at the bat­tle of Fler­sCourcelette, dur­ing the First World War.

— In 1917, Rus­sia was pro­claimed a repub­lic by Alexan­der Fy­o­dor­ovich Keren­sky, whose gov­ern­ment was over­thrown two months later by the Bol­she­viks.

— In 1935, the Nurem­berg Laws were passed in Ger­many, seg­re­gat­ing Jews and adopt­ing the swastika as the of­fi­cial Ger­man flag. The laws barred Jews from pro­fes­sional po­si­tions, stripped them of prop­erty and seg­re­gated them into ghet- tos.

— In 1940, the Ger­mans launched heavy bomb­ing at­tacks on London and lost 60 air­craft.

— In 1946, 21 mem­bers of the Royal Cana­dian Air Force died in a plane crash near Este­van, Sask. The plane car­ried a load of pi­lots, all mem­bers of No. 124 Squadron. The cause of the crash was de­ter­mined to be hu­man er­ror.

— In 1959, Nikita Khrushchev be­came the first Soviet head of state to visit the United States as he ar­rived at An­drews Air Force Base out­side Wash­ing­ton, where he was greeted by Pres­i­dent Dwight D. Eisen­hower. The two lead­ers then met at the White House; a joint com­mu­nique af­ter­ward de­scribed the talks as “friendly and frank.”

— In 1960, Mau­rice (Rocket) Richard an­nounced his re­tire­ment from hockey af­ter play­ing 18 sea­sons with the Mon­treal Cana­di­ens.

— In 1970, Canada’s first sex change pa­tient, Dianna, for­merly a man, told re­porters in Toronto that three op­er­a­tions, in­nu­mer­able hor­mone pills, and sev­eral elec­trolytic hair re­moval treat­ments had trans­formed her/him into a green-eyed, red­headed woman. Dianna, a na­tive of Win­nipeg, did not re­veal her sur­name in or­der to pre­vent ha­rass­ment of her par­ents.

— In 1976, Team Canada won the first Canada Cup hockey tour­na­ment when Dar­ryl Sit­tler scored in over­time to beat Cze­choslo­vakia 5-4.

— In 1978, Muham­mad Ali be­came the first heavy­weight boxer to win the world ti­tle three times when he won a 15-round de­ci­sion from Leon Spinks in New Or­leans.

— In 1987, Team Canada de­feated the Soviet Union 6-5 in the third and de­cid­ing game of the Canada Cup hockey tour­na­ment fi­nal in Hamil­ton. Wayne Gret­zky set up Mario Lemieux for the win­ning goal.

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